Asia & Africa Timeline



Nok Culture

500 bc - 200 ad

1.Where- West Africa/Nigeria
2. Known for their use of what resource? Smelting iron

Kingdom of Aksum

100 - 940

1.Where is this kingdom? What modern day country?- South of the Kush on a plateau on red sea
2.Aksum made its living off of what? - trading
3. This was the only Ancient African kingdom to develop a :trade system
4.Decline of Aksum: Taken over by islamic invaders

Bantu Migration

100 - 1500
  1. What region of Africa is covered by the migratons- Mid south
  2. What farming technique caused necessary migration? - cultivating crops
  3. What technologydid they bring with them when they migrated? - Iron smelting

Hausa City States

1000 - 1400

1.Where are these people? Savanna east of Mali and Songhai. Northern Nigeria
2. Political Organization? City States
3. What item was traded in Zazzau

Great Zimbabwe

1000 - 1450
  1. Where was it? Zimbabwe. Between Zambezi and Limpope
  2. What happened to it? Abandoned

Yoruba Kingdoms

1100 - 1600
  1. Where? Southwestern Nigeria
  2. Yoruba Kings? Ife and Oyo
  3. 2 Largest king? Ife and Oyo

Mali empire

1235 - 1400
  1. Where was it? East of Ghana
  2. Mansa Musa, what good did he do? Empire doubled in size

Mutapa Empire

1430 - 1760
  1. Where was it? Zimbabwe
  2. Who took it over? Motuta


1440 - 1897
  1. What is an Oba? Ruler
  2. Significance of Portuguese trade in Benin's port at Gwatto: Began European interference in Africa


1468 - 1592
  1. Where were these people? East of Mali 2.Notable leaders and why they were important- Sunni Ali- caputred tumbuktu and Djenne


Han China

202 BC - 220 AD

very influencial, had a strong centralized gov., Liu Bang was the first ruler, high structured society, bureaucracy
had a civil service system where citizens had to pass an exam to get a gov. job
fall of the Han was due to political instability, Wang Mang takes control, a great flood devastated and Wang Mang was assassinated

Over 30 local dynasties

200 AD - 589 AD

Sui Dynasty

581 AD - 618 AD

greatest accomplishment=Grand Canal (connected Huang He to Chang Jiang)

Tang Dynasty

618 - 907
  1. developed a remarkable intelligent ruling class b/c they revived and expanded the civil service
  2. fall of the tang dynasty- harsh taxes, couldn't control vast empire, defeated by muslims

Song Dynasty

960 - 1279
  1. ruled in southern China
  2. 2 important inventions: movable type + gunpowder
  3. levels of society: gentry- upper class scholar officials + their families, urban middle class, laborers, soldiers, servants, and peasants at very bottom

Mongol China

1206 - 1370
  1. pax mongolica- mongol peace, stabilty and law and order across Eurasia
  2. Yuan Dynasty important b/c: Kublai Khan united china for 1st time in 300 years, opened china to foreign trade, tolerated chinese culture and system of gov. marco polo- venetian trader who traveled much around asia

Ming Dynasty

1364 - 1644
  1. isolated themselves, wanted influence of outsiders to minimum, limited foreign trade
  2. Zheng He- led all 7 voyages from southeast Asia to eastern Africa, valuable resources
  3. trade was suppose to be regulated through gov. and 3 coastal ports, but it really flourished up and down the whole coast

Qing Dynasty

1644 - 1912
  1. the manchus defeated the ming dynasty
  2. if foreign states wanted to trade, they had to do so at special ports and paying tributes. they looked down on all foreigners.
  3. opium tea connection was when Europe found the only good Chinese would buy in large quantities (opium) and trade with them (caused major drug addiction problems)
  4. opium wars- fought between the British and Chinese. China lost really really bad.
  5. tapping rebellion- Hong Xiuquan from southern China recruited people to build a kingdom where people shared the chinese wealth and no one would line in poverty.
  6. dowager express cixi- she was committed to traditional values. she did have certain reforms to update educational system, diplomatic services, and military
  7. spheres of influence- was an area where a foreign nation controlled trade and investment (japan and europes major powers gained a strong foothold in china).
  8. open door policy- US declared China's "doors" to be open to all merchants. it protected US trading rights in China and Chinas freedom from colonization !



400 - 700
  1. Japanese Feudalism- lords gained land and power and thus began the feudal system in Japan
  2. Japanese naturalistic religion- shinto
  3. Buddhism was brought to Japan by Korean travelers

Hein Period

794 - 1185
  1. capital was moved from nara to Hein (now modern Kyoto)
  2. had to compete with the Fujiara family
  3. samurai were loyal warriors who lived according to the way of the Bushido

Kamakura Shogun

1192 - 1333
  1. shogun is a supreme general of emperors army
  2. after defeating the invading mongols, the shoguns treasury was drained and they lost all prestige and power

Tokugawa Shogunate

1600 - 1868
  1. daimyo- japanese warlords
  2. had feudalism similar to Europeans
  3. Portugal had contact early on
  4. welcomed strangers and were interested in them
  5. matthew perry- US commodore who forcefully sent letter to Japanese asking for trading with them and threat worked

Meji Period

1868 - 1912
  1. emperor mutsuhito thought the best way to resit westernization was to modernize
  2. the european courtiers the liked= germany, britain, and america
  3. they tried to expand to china



500 b.c. - 323 b.c.

Roman Empire

27 b.c. - 476

middle ages

500 - 1450

Rise of Islam and Islamic Empires

630 - 1100


1400 - 1600

Age of Exploration

1450 - 1600


1517 - 1600

Scientific revolution / enlightenment

1550 - 1800


1600 - 1750


1700 - 1850

French Revolution

1789 - 1815

Reaction and Romanticism

1815 - 1850


1848 - 1900