202 BC - 220 AD
Restored unity to china, china's golden dynasty, Emperor Liu Bang
Civil Service System- Examinations to get a govt. Job
Fell due to gap between rich and poor and the Assassination of Wang Mang
Over 30 local dynasties
200 AD - 589 AD
581 AD - 618 AD
Built the Grand Canal, which connected the Huang He and Chang Jiang rivers
618 AD - 907 AD
Very Intelligent rulers due to the Civil Service System
Fell due to struggling to control their massive empire
920 AD - 1279 AD
Ruled in southern china
Invented movable type
1206 AD - 1370
1364 AD - 1644 AD
Would not let outsiders danger peace and prosperity
Zheng He- Chinese voyager responsible for treasure ships
Only The Govt. was allowed to conduct foreign trade
1644 AD - 1912 AD
Manchus collapsed Ming dynasty
Gained prosperity on foreign frontiers
Opium and opium wars- Britain finds china's weakness
Taping Rebellions- attempt to est. a new kingdom
Empress Cixi- Educational reform, traditionalistic
Spheres of influence
Open door policy for foreign merchants
Capital was Kyoto
Had to compete with the Fujiwara family for power
Samurai Warriors and Bushido: "The way of the warrior"
1192 - 1333
Shogun- "Supreme General of the emperors army"
The defeat of the mongols drained the Japanese economy
1600 - 1868
Emperor Mushitzo thought the best way to resist westernization was to modernize
Liked British, Portuguese, and German courtiers
Tried to expand to Koreas
Major Deserts: Sahara (north) and Kalahari (south)
Importance of tsetse fly: prevented Africans from using cattle, donkeys, and horses to farm; prevented invaders from colonizing.
Animism is a religion where spirits play an important role in regulating daily life.
Griots were storytellers who told stories of history orally from parent to child. preserving African history.
Lots of African leaders adopted Islam in the 11th century
The two most important trade items for the Soninke people in Ghana were gold and salt
Islam spread south of the Sahara through trade.
500 BC - 200 AD
Located in Nigeria
Known for their use of smelting iron
100 - 1500
Migrations mainly covered the southern regions
They used the slash & burn farming technique
They brought iron smelting techniques along with their migrations.
Kingdom of Aksum
100 - 940
The Kingdom of Aksum was located south of Kush on a plateau on the Red Sea
Aksum made their living off of trading goods
This was the only Ancient African kingdom to develop a written language
The Decline of the Aksum occurred when the Islamic raiders came to Africa. They caused the Aksum trade to decline and they isolated the Aksum from the rest of the Christian world.
1000 - 1450
Great Zimbabwe was located in southeastern Africa
It got abandoned for some reason. No one really knows why.
Hausa City States
1000 - 1400
1100 - 1600
Found in Benin and Southwestern Nigeria
Yoruba served as the most religious and political leaders in their kingdom
3.The two largest kings were Ife and Oyo
It was in the west part of Africa
Mansu Musa was a skilled military leader of the Mali Empire. He had a 100,000 man army that defended Mali. His empire became almost twice the size of Ghana. He also built mosques and schools.
These people were east of the Mali Empire
Notable leaders include Sunna Ali and Askia Muhammad. Sunna Ali built a vast empire from military conquest. Askia Muhammad ruled for 37 years. He set up a fair system for taxes and for choosing officials.
The dark brown part