Persia and Ireland


Han Dynasty

202 BC - 220 AD
  1. Restored unity to china, china's golden dynasty, Emperor Liu Bang
  2. Civil Service System- Examinations to get a govt. Job
  3. Fell due to gap between rich and poor and the Assassination of Wang Mang

Over 30 local dynasties

200 AD - 589 AD

Sui Dynasty

581 AD - 618 AD
  1. Built the Grand Canal, which connected the Huang He and Chang Jiang rivers

Tang Dynasty

618 AD - 907 AD
  1. Very Intelligent rulers due to the Civil Service System
  2. Fell due to struggling to control their massive empire

Song Dynasty

920 AD - 1279 AD
  1. Ruled in southern china
  2. Invented movable type

Mongol China

1206 AD - 1370
  1. Pax Mongolica- period of mongolian peace
  2. Kublai Khan emperor
  3. Yuan Dynasty- 1279-1368
  4. Marco Polo- Venetian Explorer

Ming Dynasty

1364 AD - 1644 AD
  1. Would not let outsiders danger peace and prosperity
  2. Zheng He- Chinese voyager responsible for treasure ships
  3. Only The Govt. was allowed to conduct foreign trade

Qing Dynasty

1644 AD - 1912 AD
  1. Manchus collapsed Ming dynasty
  2. Gained prosperity on foreign frontiers
  3. Opium and opium wars- Britain finds china's weakness
  4. Taping Rebellions- attempt to est. a new kingdom
  5. Empress Cixi- Educational reform, traditionalistic
  6. Spheres of influence
  7. Open door policy for foreign merchants


Japanese feudalism

  1. Shinto- naturalistic religion
  2. Buddhism- brought to japan from koreans

Hein Period

794 - 1185
  1. Capital was Kyoto
  2. Had to compete with the Fujiwara family for power
  3. Samurai Warriors and Bushido: "The way of the warrior"

Kamakura Shogun

1192 - 1333
  1. Shogun- "Supreme General of the emperors army"
  2. The defeat of the mongols drained the Japanese economy

Tokugawa Shogunate

1600 - 1868
  1. Daimyo- Warrior chieftains
  2. Feudalistic lords and serfs
  3. Contact with Portugal early on
  4. Welcomed outside countries
  5. Matthew Perry- US commodore who demanded foreign trade

Meji Period

1868 - 1912
  1. Emperor Mushitzo thought the best way to resist westernization was to modernize
  2. Liked British, Portuguese, and German courtiers
  3. Tried to expand to Koreas


  1. Major Deserts: Sahara (north) and Kalahari (south)
  2. Importance of tsetse fly: prevented Africans from using cattle, donkeys, and horses to farm; prevented invaders from colonizing.
  3. Animism is a religion where spirits play an important role in regulating daily life.
  4. Griots were storytellers who told stories of history orally from parent to child. preserving African history.
  5. Lots of African leaders adopted Islam in the 11th century
  6. The two most important trade items for the Soninke people in Ghana were gold and salt
  7. Islam spread south of the Sahara through trade.

Nok Culture

500 BC - 200 AD
  1. Located in Nigeria
  2. Known for their use of smelting iron

Kingdom of Aksum

100 - 940
  1. The Kingdom of Aksum was located south of Kush on a plateau on the Red Sea
  2. Aksum made their living off of trading goods
  3. This was the only Ancient African kingdom to develop a written language
  4. The Decline of the Aksum occurred when the Islamic raiders came to Africa. They caused the Aksum trade to decline and they isolated the Aksum from the rest of the Christian world.

Bantu Migrations

100 - 1500
  1. Migrations mainly covered the southern regions
  2. They used the slash & burn farming technique
  3. They brought iron smelting techniques along with their migrations.

Great Zimbabwe

1000 - 1450
  1. Great Zimbabwe was located in southeastern Africa
  2. It got abandoned for some reason. No one really knows why.

Hausa City States

1000 - 1400
  1. These people are found in northern Nigeria
  2. The political organization was city states
  3. The item that they traded in Zazzau were enslaved prisoners

Yoruba Kingdoms

1100 - 1600
  1. Found in Benin and Southwestern Nigeria
  2. Yoruba served as the most religious and political leaders in their kingdom 3.The two largest kings were Ife and Oyo

Mali Empire

1235 - 1400
  1. It was in the west part of Africa
  2. Mansu Musa was a skilled military leader of the Mali Empire. He had a 100,000 man army that defended Mali. His empire became almost twice the size of Ghana. He also built mosques and schools.


1430 - 1760
  1. This empire was found north of Great Zimbabwe
  2. Mutota took over


1440 - 1897
  1. Oba- An African ruler
  2. Portuguese trade introduced european dominance, interference, and slave trade (along with colonization) in Africa


1468 - 1592
  1. These people were east of the Mali Empire
  2. Notable leaders include Sunna Ali and Askia Muhammad. Sunna Ali built a vast empire from military conquest. Askia Muhammad ruled for 37 years. He set up a fair system for taxes and for choosing officials.
  3. The dark brown part