Samurai Warriors and Bushido: "The way of the warrior"
1192 - 1333
Shogun- "Supreme General of the emperors army"
The defeat of the mongols drained the Japanese economy
1600 - 1868
Daimyo- Warrior chieftains
Feudalistic lords and serfs
Contact with Portugal early on
Welcomed outside countries
Matthew Perry- US commodore who demanded foreign trade
1868 - 1912
Emperor Mushitzo thought the best way to resist westernization was to modernize
Liked British, Portuguese, and German courtiers
Tried to expand to Koreas
Major Deserts: Sahara (north) and Kalahari (south)
Importance of tsetse fly: prevented Africans from using cattle, donkeys, and horses to farm; prevented invaders from colonizing.
Animism is a religion where spirits play an important role in regulating daily life.
Griots were storytellers who told stories of history orally from parent to child. preserving African history.
Lots of African leaders adopted Islam in the 11th century
The two most important trade items for the Soninke people in Ghana were gold and salt
Islam spread south of the Sahara through trade.
500 BC - 200 AD
Located in Nigeria
Known for their use of smelting iron
100 - 1500
Migrations mainly covered the southern regions
They used the slash & burn farming technique
They brought iron smelting techniques along with their migrations.
Kingdom of Aksum
100 - 940
The Kingdom of Aksum was located south of Kush on a plateau on the Red Sea
Aksum made their living off of trading goods
This was the only Ancient African kingdom to develop a written language
The Decline of the Aksum occurred when the Islamic raiders came to Africa. They caused the Aksum trade to decline and they isolated the Aksum from the rest of the Christian world.
1000 - 1450
Great Zimbabwe was located in southeastern Africa
It got abandoned for some reason. No one really knows why.
Hausa City States
1000 - 1400
These people are found in northern Nigeria
The political organization was city states
The item that they traded in Zazzau were enslaved prisoners
1100 - 1600
Found in Benin and Southwestern Nigeria
Yoruba served as the most religious and political leaders in their kingdom
3.The two largest kings were Ife and Oyo
1235 - 1400
It was in the west part of Africa
Mansu Musa was a skilled military leader of the Mali Empire. He had a 100,000 man army that defended Mali. His empire became almost twice the size of Ghana. He also built mosques and schools.
1430 - 1760
This empire was found north of Great Zimbabwe
Mutota took over
1440 - 1897
Oba- An African ruler
Portuguese trade introduced european dominance, interference, and slave trade (along with colonization) in Africa
1468 - 1592
These people were east of the Mali Empire
Notable leaders include Sunna Ali and Askia Muhammad. Sunna Ali built a vast empire from military conquest. Askia Muhammad ruled for 37 years. He set up a fair system for taxes and for choosing officials.