Asia and Africa

Asia-China

Han China

202 BC - 220 AD
  1. Established a centralized government
  2. Imposed civil service jobs with 18 different ranks
  3. The dynasty fell due to an imbalanced economy and a flood that left millions homeless

Over 30 local dynasties

200 - 589

Sui Dynasty

581 - 618
  1. Completed the Grand Canal

Tang Dynasty

618 - 907
  1. They expanded their civil service examinations and job positions
  2. High taxes and lost battles and land caused the dynasty to fall

Song Dynasty

960 - 1279
  1. They ruled southeast China
  2. They invented movable type and gunpowder
  3. The Gentry was the upper class, then the urban middle class, then the laborers and soldiers

Mongol China

1206 - 1370
  1. Pax Mongolica is the period of peace where others were garenteed a safe travel passage 2a. They reunited China for the first time in 300 years 2b. Marco Polo went on missions for the emperor, Kublai Khan

Ming Dynasty

1364 - 1644
  1. They didn't want any outsiders to threaten their peace
  2. Zheng He took several major voyages
  3. Only the government could conduct forign trade

Qing Dynasty

1644 - 1912
  1. Manchus invaded China and the Ming dynasty collapsed
  2. They continued their isolation with outside world
  3. European traders exported opium to china
  4. Opium Wars (1839) British vs. Chinese, Signed a treaty
  5. Taping Rebellion- They decieded to share the wealth with all of the people; internal and external fights brought down kingdom
  6. Dowager Empress Cixi supported many reforms
  7. Spheres of Influence is an area where a forign nation controlls trade and investment
  8. Open Door Policy opened China's trading policy

Asia-Japan

Heian Period

794 - 1185
  1. Capital was Kyoto
  2. They had to compete with the Minamoto family
  3. A Samura was a warrior and Bushido was the code of behavior

Kamakura Shogun

1192 - 1333
  1. A shogun is a Supreme General of the Emperor's Army
  2. The government struggled after defeating the invading Mongols

Japanese Feudalism

1450
  1. Japan's class system
  2. Japanese naturalistic religion is the belief that divine spirits dwelled in nature
  3. Korean travelers brought buddhism to Japan

Kamakura Shogunate

1600 - 1868
  1. A Daimyo is a Japanese Lord
  2. They used the Feudalism System
  3. Portugal had early contact with Japan
  4. They were interested in forign markets
  5. Matthew Perry went to Japan to open trade opportunities https://encrypted-tbn1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRpynCew89Wi7bIZRFd1NvVdkYQfOqmh_cU-4m2qJU8iBW0p59v

Meji Period

1868 - 1912
  1. Emperor Mutsuhito thought the best way to resist westernazation was to modernize
  2. They liked Germany and Great Britain
  3. They are trying to expand their modern industry; shipbuilding...etc. https://encrypted-tbn1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcR4p8XR_DwoaA1KcZgTMSc66s1Bre5NMPujF-zv9noPTmTJIJ_xIQ

Africa

Nok Culture

500 BC - 200 AD

Where - present day Nigeria
Known for their use of smelted iron

Bantu Mugrations

100 - 1500

The southern half of Africa is covered by the migrations (Southern third)
Slash and burn farming technique
Brought iron smelting with them when they migrated

Kingdom of Aksum

100 - 940

Kingdom in the “Horn of Africa”, modern day Eritrea and Ethiopia
Made their living off of trade
The only Ancient African Kingdom to develop trade settlement
Aksum declined (between 632-750) under Islamic invaders after an 800 year reign

Hausa City States

1000 - 1400

Present day Northern Nigeria
Were set up in city states with capitals and local rulers
They had 2 large kings Ife and Oyo

Great Zimbabwe

1000 - 1450

Modern day Zimbabwe
Was abandoned in 1450

Mali Empire

1235 - 1400

Mansa Musa (1312-1332) skilled military leader, controlled gold/salt trade, stopped any rebellion, empire doubled in size under his power, made provinces and appointed governors.

Mutapa Empire

1430 - 1760

East African coast
Portuguese tried but failed to take it over, was later taken over by European interference

Benin

1440 - 1897

Modern day Nigeria
Had rulers named Obas
Portuguese trade caused European interference with African trade- starting the use of enslaving Africans and seizing African territory

Songhai

1468 - 1592

East Africa, Niger River near Gao
Sunni Ali was a strong military leader, riverboat fleet and fighters on horseback. Askia Muhammed drove Ali’s son from power and replaced him, set up efficient tax system.