South of Sahara - 11th century - How did Islam spread south of the Sahara? (p. 415)- Through major trade routes, cultural spread through the trade routes.
Major Deserts- The Saharan Desert in the North, and the Kalahari Desert in the South
Importance of the tsetse fly (2 really big things)- This prevented Africans from using cattle, donkeys, and horse & prevented invaders from invading.
Animism – a religion in which spirits play an important role in regulating daily life.
Importance of griots- griots told history and kept the history of their specific people alive.
1.Hiring- Hired scholar officials through civil service
2.Fall of Tang- risong Tax caused rebellions. Muslim armies capitalize and destroy them. Finally rebels kill the last emperor.
Location- Southern China
Most important inventions- movable type and gunpowder
Levels of society- gentry(scholar officials)
Urban Middle Class(Merchants, shopkeepers
Urban Lower class( Laboreres)
land Owners rule the land and it is based on hierarchy
Emperor Mutsuhito thought the best way to resist westernization was to….- Modernize their culture.
What European courtiers did they like? - Germany and Britain, for their strong economies and Germany’s strong centralized government.
Where do they try to expand? - In industry.