Reinforced and expanded provisions of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The act reaffirmed that discrimination against faculty, administrators, staff, and students on the basis of race, ethnicity, gender, or color was illegal. Additionally, the Equal Educational Opportunities Act of 1974 prohibits, among other conduct, deliberate segregation on the basis of race, color, and national origin. (Dept. of Justice, 2019) This came on the heels of court ordered busing - school desegregation practices which had recently started based on Supreme Court decisions in cases like Keyes v. School District #1 , Denver (1973).
United States Department of Justice. (2019). Types of Educational Opportunities Discrimination. Retrieved from https://www.justice.gov/crt/types-educational-opportunities-discrimination.
Of further interest: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zYgKLqBQ7Vs