AP World History Timeline

Main

French Empire

1340 - 1753

Start Of The Ming Dynasty

1368 - 1644

Voyages of Zheng He

1405 - 1433

A Chinese Muslim admiral. He had remarkable expeditions because of their size. His travels ranged from South East Asia to eastern Africa. Everywhere he went, he distributed gifts like silver and silk to show Chinese Superiority

Aztecs

1428 - 1521

Inca

1438 - 1533

Gutenburg- first European to use movable printing

1439

The Printing Press revolutionized Renaissance time resulting in more books and the increased spread of knowledge.

Reign of Ottoman Sultan Mehmet II

1451 - 1481

Ottomans capture Constantinople

1453

Reign Of Sunni Ali

1464 - 1492

Songhay Empire

1464 - 1591

Dias rounded Cape of Good Hope

1488

Spanish Inquisition

1492

Start Of Spanish Voyages to the Americas

1492

Columbus lands in the Bahama's

1492

Beginning of the Colombian Exchange

1492

biological and ecological exchange that occurred following European arrival in the New World; peoples of Europe and Africa came to the Americas; animals, plants, and diseases moved between Old and New Worlds.

Treaty of Tordesaillas

June 7,1494

an agreement between Portugal and Spain, declaring that newly discovered lands to the west of an imaginary line in the Atlantic Ocean would belong to Spain and newly discovered lands to the east of the line would belong to Portugal

Portuguese enter the Indian Ocean

1497 - 1542

Vasco de Gama lands in Calicut India

1498

Shah Ishmail founds the Safavid Empire

1501 - 1514

1st slaves to America

1502

Vasco de Balboa crosses Isthmus of Panama to Pacific Ocean

1513

Battle of Chaldrain

1514

Safavids are defeated by the Ottomans

Protestant Reformation

1517 - 1648

a religious movement that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the creation of Protestant churches.

Luther creates the "95 Theses"

1517

Arguments written by Martin Luther against the Catholic church. Written in response to a new campaign to sell indulgences

Ferdinand Magellan

1519 - 1522

Portuguese explorer who found a sea route to the Spice Island by sailing around the American continent. His crew was the first to circumnavigate the world.

Death of Montezuma

1520

The Aztec emperor was killed during the initial stages of the Spanish conquest of Mexico

Reign of Suleiman the Magnificent

1520 - 1566

Expanded from Syria and Egypt to southwest Asia and Central Europe; built powerful enough navy to attack European fleets

Cortez conquers the Aztecs

1521

Mughal Empire

1526 - 1707

One of the most successful empires of India; a state founded by Muslim Turks who invaded India in 1526; their rule was noted for efforts to create a partnership between Hindus and Muslims

Defeat of the Incas

1533

Foundation of Quebec

1534

First permanent French settlement in the Americas

John Calvin writes "The Institutes of the Christian Religion"

1536

Calvin’s formulation of Christian doctrine, which became a systematic theology for Protestantism

Copernicus' book is printed

1543

“On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres,” written by Copernicus, published just before his death. Dedicated to the Pope so it wouldn’t offend the church. Also very scientific so priests couldn’t understand it well enough to be angry over it.

Catholic Reformation

1545 - 1563

Religious reform movement within the Latin Christian Church, begun in response to the Protestant Reformation. It clarified Catholic theology and reformed clerical training and discipline

Reign of Akbar

1556 - 1605

Battle of Lepanto

1571

a naval battle fought between a Spanish and Venetian fleet and the German navy. The Spanish won. The battle meant that European navies had surpassed the Muslims. The Turks could no longer challenge Europeans on international routes

Loyala

1582

Sets sail for the Canary Islands.
leader of the Jesuits who sought to revert protestants, stop the spread of Protestantism, and diffuse Catholicism throughout the world

Defeat of Spanish Armada

1588

Defeated by Brittish

Battle of Sekigahara

1600

Defeating all his enemies, in 1600, Tokugawa Ieyasu achieved true unification of Japan with his victory at this Battle

Foundation of Jamestown

1607

Beginning of English colonization of the Americas

Galileo improves the telescope

1609

1564-1642, Italian physicist and astronome

Thirty Years War

1618 - 1648

A series of European wars that were partially a Catholic-Protestant religious conflict. It was primarily a battle between France and their rivals: the Hapsburg’s, rulers of the Holy Roman Empire. Wars ended in 1648 after great destruction with Treaty of Westphalia.

Rangaku

1641

Japanese study of all things Dutch. It eventually aided in helping Japan open up. It was especially concerned with medicine and science;

Reign of Louis XIV

1643 - 1715

“L’etat c’est moi”. ( I am the State). Puts tons of money into his Versailles Palace.

Qing Dynasty

1644 - 1912

The Age of Enlightenment

1650 - 1700

A broad intellectual movement in 18th‐century Europe that advocated the use of reason in the re‐evaluation of accepted ideas.

Thomas Hobbes writes Leviathan

1651

the book describes his theory that an absolute government was the only means of balancing human interests and desires with their rights of life and property

Reign of Kangxi

1662 - 1722

Leader of the Qing Dynasty,
he reduced government expenses and lowered taxes.
He gained the support of intellectuals by offering government positions and enjoyed the company of Jesuits at court

Glorious Revolution

1683

Attempted Ottoman Siege of Vienna

1683

Russian Empire

1721 - 1917

Reign of Qianlong

1735 - 1796

the grandson of Kangxi. The empire reached height under him; largest empire

Reign of Catherine the Great

1762 - 1796

Empress who continued Peter’s goal to Westernizing Russia, created a new law code, and greatly expanded Russian territory.

Voltaire

1773