A Chinese Muslim admiral. He had remarkable expeditions because of their size. His travels ranged from South East Asia to eastern Africa. Everywhere he went, he distributed gifts like silver and silk to show Chinese Superiority
1428 - 1521
1438 - 1533
Gutenburg- first European to use movable printing
The Printing Press revolutionized Renaissance time resulting in more books and the increased spread of knowledge.
Reign of Ottoman Sultan Mehmet II
1451 - 1481
Ottomans capture Constantinople
1464 - 1591
Reign Of Sunni Ali
1464 - 1492
Dias rounded Cape of Good Hope
Beginning of the Colombian Exchange
biological and ecological exchange that occurred following European arrival in the New World; peoples of Europe and Africa came to the Americas; animals, plants, and diseases moved between Old and New Worlds.
Columbus lands in the Bahama's
Start Of Spanish Voyages to the Americas
Treaty of Tordesaillas
an agreement between Portugal and Spain, declaring that newly discovered lands to the west of an imaginary line in the Atlantic Ocean would belong to Spain and newly discovered lands to the east of the line would belong to Portugal
Portuguese enter the Indian Ocean
1497 - 1542
Vasco de Gama lands in Calicut India
Shah Ishmail founds the Safavid Empire
1501 - 1514
1st slaves to America
Vasco de Balboa crosses Isthmus of Panama to Pacific Ocean
Battle of Chaldrain
Safavids are defeated by the Ottomans
Luther creates the "95 Theses"
Arguments written by Martin Luther against the Catholic church. Written in response to a new campaign to sell indulgences
1517 - 1648
a religious movement that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the creation of Protestant churches.
1519 - 1522
Portuguese explorer who found a sea route to the Spice Island by sailing around the American continent. His crew was the first to circumnavigate the world.
Reign of Suleiman the Magnificent
1520 - 1566
Expanded from Syria and Egypt to southwest Asia and Central Europe; built powerful enough navy to attack European fleets
Death of Montezuma
The Aztec emperor was killed during the initial stages of the Spanish conquest of Mexico
Cortez conquers the Aztecs
1526 - 1707
One of the most successful empires of India; a state founded by Muslim Turks who invaded India in 1526; their rule was noted for efforts to create a partnership between Hindus and Muslims
Defeat of the Incas
Foundation of Quebec
First permanent French settlement in the Americas
John Calvin writes "The Institutes of the Christian Religion"
Calvin’s formulation of Christian doctrine, which became a systematic theology for Protestantism
Copernicus' book is printed
“On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres,” written by Copernicus, published just before his death. Dedicated to the Pope so it wouldn’t offend the church. Also very scientific so priests couldn’t understand it well enough to be angry over it.
1545 - 1563
Religious reform movement within the Latin Christian Church, begun in response to the Protestant Reformation. It clarified Catholic theology and reformed clerical training and discipline
Reign of Akbar
1556 - 1605
Battle of Lepanto
a naval battle fought between a Spanish and Venetian fleet and the German navy. The Spanish won. The battle meant that European navies had surpassed the Muslims. The Turks could no longer challenge Europeans on international routes
Sets sail for the Canary Islands.
leader of the Jesuits who sought to revert protestants, stop the spread of Protestantism, and diffuse Catholicism throughout the world
Defeat of Spanish Armada
Defeated by Brittish
Battle of Sekigahara
Defeating all his enemies, in 1600, Tokugawa Ieyasu achieved true unification of Japan with his victory at this Battle
Foundation of Jamestown
Beginning of English colonization of the Americas
Galileo improves the telescope
1564-1642, Italian physicist and astronome
Thirty Years War
1618 - 1648
A series of European wars that were partially a Catholic-Protestant religious conflict. It was primarily a battle between France and their rivals: the Hapsburg’s, rulers of the Holy Roman Empire. Wars ended in 1648 after great destruction with Treaty of Westphalia.
Japanese study of all things Dutch. It eventually aided in helping Japan open up. It was especially concerned with medicine and science;
Reign of Louis XIV
1643 - 1715
“L’etat c’est moi”. ( I am the State). Puts tons of money into his Versailles Palace.
1644 - 1912
The Age of Enlightenment
1650 - 1700
A broad intellectual movement in 18th‐century Europe that advocated the use of reason in the re‐evaluation of accepted ideas.
Thomas Hobbes writes Leviathan
the book describes his theory that an absolute government was the only means of balancing human interests and desires with their rights of life and property
Reign of Kangxi
1662 - 1722
Leader of the Qing Dynasty,
he reduced government expenses and lowered taxes.
He gained the support of intellectuals by offering government positions and enjoyed the company of Jesuits at court
Attempted Ottoman Siege of Vienna
1721 - 1917
Reign of Qianlong
1735 - 1796
the grandson of Kangxi. The empire reached height under him; largest empire
Reign of Catherine the Great
1762 - 1796
Empress who continued Peter’s goal to Westernizing Russia, created a new law code, and greatly expanded Russian territory.