Before 1910, Mexico was controlled by General Porfirio Diaz, a man who stayed president due to his rigged elections and forced suppression. In 1910, Francisco Madero ran against him in an election and gained a lot of support. Diaz decided to arrest him in order to win, and once he did, Madero fled to Texas. There, he tried to encourage a revolt against Diaz but failed. Instead, he hired an bands of peasant guerillas in northern and southern Mexico. Pancho Villa was the commander in the North while Emiliano Zapata, an Indian leader, raised a 5,000 man army in the south.