The War of 1812

A timeline of important events on The War of 1812

Causes of the War

Impressment of American sailors
Interference with American shipping
British military aid to Native Americans

Causes of the War

1812

Impressment of American sailors.
Interference with American shipping.
British military aid to Native Americans.

Early Battles

War at Sea

1812

The British Navy had hundreds of ships while the U.S. Navy had fewer than 20. But since the British ships were scattered around the globe and the U.S. Navy was trained well, U.S. ships easily wiped out the British.

The Creek War

1813 - 1814

The Creek attacked Fort Mims along the Alabama River.
Andrew Jackson attacks the Creek and won.
The Treaty of Fort Jackson ended the Creek War and the Creek had to give up acres of land.

Battle of Lake Erie

September 10, 1813

Oliver Hazard Perry sailed out to meet the British. The British surrendered. The British had to withdraw giving the U.S. army control of Lake Erie.

Battle of the Thames River

October 1813

General Harrison went to Canada and defeated a combined force of British troops and Native Americans. This victory ended British power in the Northwest.

Great Britain on the Offensive

British Attacks in the East

April 1814

The British attacked Washington D.C.
British soldiers broke through defenses and set fire to the White House and the Capitol.
The British sailed to Baltimore and attacked Fort McHenry for 25 hours but retreated.

The Battle of New Orleans

January 8, 1815

The British hoped to capture New Orleans and take control of the Mississippi River.
U.S. forces were placed around New Orleans which were a mixed group.
British troops attacked Jackson's force with 5,300 men.
They fought on an open field so the U.S. had the advantage.
The Battle of New Orleans made Andrew Jackson a hero and it was the last major battle in the War of 1812.

Effects of the War

Treaty of Ghent

December 24, 1814

The treaty, which had been signed in Belgium ended the War of 1812.

Hartford Convention

1815

Before the Battle of New Orleans, federalists agreed to oppose the war and send delegates to meet with Congress. Before getting to Washington, the war ended and the Federalists lost political power.

Effects of The War

1815

Increased sense of national pride
American manufacturing boosted
Native Americans resistance weakened

Consequences

1815

Produced feelings of patriotism in Americans.
"Second War for Independence"
Broke power of many Native groups.
Lack of goods caused by interruption in trade boosted American manufacturing.