World War II

Main Events

Washington Naval Treaty

1934

Limits naval capacity of countries, ratio established. Japan more equal to United States and European countries.

London Naval Treaty

1936

London Naval Treaty has held with hope for disarmament. Treaty signed by Britain, US, and France meant nothing to Japan and Germany who continued rearming

Chamberlain becomes Prime Minister of Britain

1937

U.S. - Treaty of Commerce and Navigation

1939

US responds to Japanese blockades by threatening to cancel 1911 Treaty of Commerce and Navigation

Pacific Theatre

Manchurian Crisis

1931

Kwangtung Army invades Manchuria

Manchurian turns Manchuko

1932

Japanese and Chinese skimmish throughout Manchuria as Japanese declare Manchuria Japanese territory.

Tangku Truce

1933

Tangku Truce establishes ceasefire in Northern China.

Greater Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere

1936

Japan decides on fundamental positions to maintain a powerful presence in Asia - to resit Soviet Union, take South China seas. Signs Anti-Comitern pact with Germany.

Rape of Nanjing

1937

Mass murder during a six-week period following the capture of Nanjing.

Konoe Funimaro becomes Prime Minister

1937

Japan takes Shanghi

1937

Beiing taken by Japan

1937

States Position to Continue War with China

1937

Japan Blockades British vessels in the Pacific

1939

Puppet Government in Nanjing

1940

Japanese sets up puppet government in Nanjing

Italian-Japanese Axis Alliance

1940

Treaty sign in Berlin by Italy, Germany, and Japan.

Burma Road Closed

1940

Pearl Harbor Attack

1941

Japanese attack Pearl Harbor and the southern-western Asia-Pacific.

Japan takes Indochina

1941

Japan takes Indochina and the US freezes Japanese assets.

Battle of Coral Sea

1942

This was a Japanese tactical victory and an Allied strategic victory. Though true, Japan was repelled.

Battle of Midway

1942

Japan epic naval loss which was a Turning point on the Pacific. It was also the US's first victory in the Pacific.

US Recaptures Mariana Islands

1944

US takes Marshall Islands

1944

Operation Detachment

February 1945

US invades Iwo Jima, the US was able to launch mainland attacks on Japan and also helped island hopping.

First Atomic Bomb Dropped

August 1945

US drops atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

Japan Surrenders

August 1945

European Theatre

Hitler Becomes Chancellor

1933

Hitler becomes chancellor of the Weimer Republic transforming it into the Third Reich, a totalitarian dictatorship under the Nazi ideology and begins to rearm.

Hitler Signs Pact

1934

Hitler signs Non-Aggression Pact with Poland

Hitler Appoints Halmar Schacht

1934

Hitler appoints Hjalmar Schacht as Minister of Economics, which quickly transformed into the Plenipotentiary of War Economy. Creation of infrastructure begins to optimize Germany’s capacity for war.

Hitler Remilitarizes Rhineland

1936

Anchluss

1938

Germany invades Austria

Germany Invades Czechoslovakia

1939

Anglo-French Guarantee of Poland is signed. Pact signed between Germany and Italy. Pact signed between Soviet Russia and Germany.

Germany Invades Poland

1939

Germany Invades Poland after Hitler’s demands are not met, Britain and France declare war on Germany.

Germany Invades Denmark and Norway

1940

May, invades France, Belgium, Luxemburg and the Netherlands. Allied troops are evacuated from Dunkirk. Norway surrenders to the Nazi’s, and Italy declares war on Britain and France. German U-Boats begin sinking allied merchant ships in the Atlantic. The USSR takes Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia. Blitz begins; Germany attacks Britain. Italy invades Greece.

Battle of Britain

1940

First German offensive that did not fully succeed.

Operation Barbarossa

1941

German invades Soviet Russia, betraying the non-aggression pact the two nations had made. Nazi's Invade Greece and Yugoslavia.

Battle of Stalingrad

1942

Decisive Soviet victory as it destroyed German forces. Axis forces declined on the Eastern Front and was a major turning point in WWII.

German's Surrender at Stalingrad

1943

German and Italian troops surrender in North Africa. Allies land in Sicily. Allied air firestorm in Hamburg. Allies invade mainland Italy.

Battle of the Bulge

1944

Decisive Allied victory, Germany operational failure.

Operation Overlord

1944

Operation Overlord, D-day, Allies land on the Beaches of Normandy, France.

VE Day

1945

Soviets capture Warsaw. Dresden is destroyed in Firestorm after allied bombing raids. Soviet troops attack Berlin as Americans enter Nuremburg. Adolf commits suicide. German Troops in Italy surrender.