Untitled timeline

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Constantinople

330

Founded by Roman Emperor Constantine I Later the name is changed to Istanbul

Neo-Confucianism

960

Form of confucianism that developed during the Song and Ming Dynastys

Ottoman Empire

1299 - 1923

Domiated most of modern day turkey and eventually invaded constantinoople there ending the byzantine empire. renamed it to be istanbul and made it their capital

Inca

1300 - 1500

Largest empire in the pre-columbian america. They arose from the highlands of Peru. Local language was Quechua. Pizarro ended the Incan empire, in 1531

Ming

1368 - 1644

Followed teh collaspe of the Mongal led Yuan Dynasty. They had a vast navy and a standing army of one million troops. the Grand Canal and the Great Wall and the Forbidden City were Established

Henry the Navigator

1394 - 1460

Portuguese royal prince and explorer. He sent out many sailing expeditions down Africa's West Coast(1419-1460)

Johannes Gutenberg

1400

Invented the printing press

Aztecs

1400 - 1600

Dominated large parts of Mesoamerica. Formed a Triple Alliance with two other neighboring city states. Heran Cortes ended the Aztec empire with his 600 men

Forbidden City

1406

From the Ming Dynasty, a imperial palace

Portugal

1415

initiated exploration as they sailed the coast of africa. They sought wealth in Africa and also a way of expanding

Mehmed II

1432 - 1481

Was the sultan of the Ottoman Empire and he was the one who conquered Constantinople and in the end, ending the Byzantine Empire

Christopher Columbus

1451 - 1506

(1492) Sent by Kind Ferdinand II and Queen Isabella of Spain to look for a faster way to far east Asia to trade goods. Instead he ended up in the Caribbean

Ottomans Captured Constantinople

1453

The fall of Constantinople was due to the lost a lot of territory, had no allies and a small army compare the to Ottomans massive one

Bartolomeu Dias

1457 - 1500

Portuguese navigator and explorer who explored Africa's coast. (1488) He lead the first European expedition to sail around Africa's Cape pf Good Hope, this opened up trade routes from Europe to Aisa

Vasco Da Gama

1460 - 1524

Portuguese explorer who discovered an ocean route from Portugal to the East. (1497)He when from the Rounded Africa's cape Cope of Good Hope and contuinted to India

Sunni Ali

1464 - 1492

First great king of the Songhai empire, located in west Africa and he was the 15th ruler of the Sonni Dyansty

Montezuma

1466 - 1520

Was the last Aztec ruler , he was reigning when Hernan Cortes came at destroyed the Aztecs.

Vasco De Balboa

1475 - 1519

Spanish explorer and conquistador, he was the first European to see the Eastern part of the Pacific Ocean(1513)

Spanish Inquisition

1478

Intended to discover secret Muslims and Jews. Used by Spanish monarchy to detect Protestant heresy and political dissidents

Ferdinarnd Magellan

1480 - 1521

Portuguese explorer who led the First expedtion that sailded around the Earth (1519-1522) Also he was the one who name the Pacific Ocean

Martin Luther

1483 - 1546

Attacked the sale of indulgences(1517) He attacked the corruption in the Roman Catholic Church , calling fro reform. Argument reproduced with printing press and widely read

Shah Ismail

1487 - 1524

Founder of the Safavid empire , he reunified all or iran and was a shia muslim. Converted Iran from the Sunni to the Shi

Dias rounded Cape of Good Hope

1488

Dias and Vasco Da Gama were the first explorers to reach the cape. He calle the cape Cabo das Tormentas "Cape of Storms"

Columbian Echange

1492

Trade between Eastern and Western hemispheres it was the major link between the old world and the new world. Not only did they trade good like spice but things like slaves and disease

Columbus/ Reconquista of Spain

1492

Isabella paid Columbus to sail for a route to China, he had three voyages to the Caribbean trying to find a way to China

Suleyman

1494 - 1566

Known as the lawgiver because he reconstructed the Ottoman legal system

Treaty of Tordesilla

1494

Signed at Tordesilla , it divided the newly discovered land outside Europe between Spain and Portugal. East was to Portugal and west wast to Spain

Atahualpa

1497 - 1533

He was the last ruler of the Incan Empire, he was ruling during the time that Pizarro came and conquered their land

Zheng He

1500

A Chinese navigator that led fleets thoughout southeast asia and the Indian ocean, all the way to east Africa, a century before the europeans did the same

Songhay

1500

Located in Western Africa and was one of the largest African empires in history. They based their power on the bend of the Niger River. Sunni Ali was the first ruler

Russia

1500

multicultural empire. Region that exercise autonomy great wealth from furs made Russia a european power

Safavid

1501 - 1736

Ruled on of the greatest oersian empires and establised the tweler school of shia islam as the officail religion of their empire

1st Slaves to America

1502

African Slaves in the new world spanish settlers bring the slaves from Africa to the Americas

Battle of Chaldiran

1514

Victory for the Ottoman Empire over the Safavid Empire of Persia

Protestant Reformation

1517

Martin Luther attacked the sale of indulgences, reform then spread outside Germany and many of the French convert to Protestantism

Machiavelli

1517

Published The Prince, a how to book for monarchs who wanted to matnian power

Martin Luther/95 Theses

1517

A German monk who attacked corruption in the Roman Catholic Church and called for reform. He distributed the 95 theses by the printing press. By mid 16 century more than half the people converted to Lutheran Christianity

Hernan Cortes

1519

Landed on the coast of Mexico with a small force of 600 men. He then teamed up with neighboring communities against the Aztec and he ends up winning in the end

Cortez Conquered the Aztecs

1521

Conquered the Aztecs and two years later he built a new capital where Tenochtitlan was and named it Mexico City

Mughal Empire

1526 - 1900

babur established a new empire and it dominate the Indian subcontient for the next 300 years. United almost the entire subcontient within 150 years.

John Calvin

1530

French convert of Protestantism. he organized model Protestants communities in Gevea

Francisco Pizarro

1531

Had a tiny force of 200 men and disease, superior weapons, and help from enemies quickly destryoed the Incas

Pizarro toppled the Inca

1533

With a small force he arrived in Peru, becasue the their civil war he was able to conquer them easily

Ignatius Loyola

1540

Founded the Society of Jesus(Jesuits). Had high standards in education and became an effective advisory and missionary worldwide

Tokugawa Ieyasu

1543 - 1616

Founder and the first shogun of the Tokugawa shogunates of Japan

Nicolaus Copernicus

1543

Suggested that the sun was the center of the universe and implied that the earth was just another planet

Catholic Reformation

1545

The council of Trent was directed and the society of Jesus was also founded.

Council of Trent

1545 - 1563

Directed reform of Roman Catholic Church

Matteo Ricci

1552 - 1610

He was a Italian Jesuit priest and on of the founding figures of the jesuit china mission

Joint Stock Company

1553

Merchants wanted a strong sense of security fo their expedtion so they created this to reduce the coast and risks on their coyages

Akbar

1556 - 1605

Successful ruler of the Mughal Empire. He was the grandson of Babur, who founded the Mughal dynasty

Galileo Galilei

1564 - 1642

Galileo's theory of velocity of falling bodies anticipated the modern law of inertia, Also with a telescope, he saw sunspots, moons of Jupiter, mountains of the moon

Battle of Lepanto

1571

Naval battle between the Christians and the Ottomans, in the end leading to the defeat of the Ottoman Navy

Thomas Hobbes

1588 - 1679

Wrote Leviathan, though that people by nature were greedy and prone to violent warfare

Defeat of the Spanish Armada

1588

King Philip II attempted to invade England, but Queen Elizabeth I of England was able to defeat the armada. This was a big win for the British

Tringle Trade

1600 - 1900

Transatlantic slave trade, carried slaves bewteen West Africa, Carribbean, or American Colonies and the European colonies

Tokugawa Shogunate

1600 - 1868

a strict and rigid government that ruled Japan. Th shogun further consolidated power away from he empeorar at the expense of the daimyo

East India Company

1600

A trading company that trade goods in the East indies and was charted by the British Government

Diaspora

1600

"The movement , migration, or scattering of people away form an established homeland"

Battle of Sekigahara

1600

The unification of Japan and the beginning of the Tokugawa rule

Foundation of Jamestown

1607

It was the first permanent settlement in the new world, it was founded in Virginia. The town was named after King James I of England.

30 Years War

1618 - 1648

The Protestant territories in Bohemia challenged the authority of the Holy Roman Catholic emperor, a situation that frequently arose prior to the Peace of Augsburg

John Locke

1632 - 1704

All human knowledge come form sense perceptions

Dutch Learning

1640 - 1853

Rangaku- body of knowledge developed by Japan through its contacts with the Dutch endue of bejima

Louis XIV

1643 - 1715

The Sun King of France. Model of royalabsolutism and the court at Versailles. He promoted economic development: roads, canals, promoting industry and exports

Qing Dynasty

1644 - 1912

Because the Qing were from Manchuria they were not ethically Chinese. They attempted to remain an ethnic elite, fobidding the chinses to learn the Manchu language or to marry Manchus

Kangxi

1661 - 1722

Supported the arts and also they wanted to expand the empire . he conquered Taiwan and extended the empire in to Mongolia, Central Asia, and Tibet

Peter/Catherine the Great

1682 - 1796

Peter the Great was convinced that when he came to power that he had to Westernize Russia. Catherine the Great enlightened polices of education and western culture were implemented

Unsuccessful Ottoman siege of Vienna

1683

Due to lack of supplies, bad weather, and disease this offered an opportunity for victory for the Hapsbugs

Glorious Revolution/ English Bill of Rights

1689

The Glorious Revolution is the Parliament over throwing King James II because he is a catholic and wanted divine rule. The English Bill of Rights was then drawn up a signed to give Parliament more power

Voltaire

1694 - 1778

French philosopher, champion of religious liberty and individual freedom

Enlightnment

1700 - 1800

Enlightenment thinkers sought natural laws that governed human society in the same way that Newtons' s laws governed the universe

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

1712 - 1778

Took the social contract theory to its furthest extreme, arguing that all men were equal and the society should be organized according to the general will, or majority rule of the people, an ideal he oulined in his famous work The social Contract

Adam Smith

1723 - 1790

Society would prosper as individuals pursued their own intrests

Quianlong

1735 - 1796

was the chief successor to Kangxi and was a Confucian scholar. Added Vietnam, Burma, and Nepal to the vessel states of China

7 Years War

1756 - 1763

Britain and Prussia aganist France and Australia, resulting from commercial and colonial rivlry between Britain adn France and from the conflict in Germany between Prussia and Austria

Quebec

1763

Formally a French Colony of Canada to Britian, after the seven years war