Unit 3 Timeline

Dates from 1450-1750

Main

Neo-Confucianism

772 - current times

Neo-Confucianism started in china and then spread to surrounding areas.

France

843 - Present

Prior to 843, France was part of a Frankish kingdom and not necessarily only France.

Russia

862 - current times

Boyars were the nobility of Russia.

England

927 - current times

England and France participated in the 30 Years War over religious conflicts.

Holy Roman Empire

962 - 1806

Charles the fifth was unable to unite the germanic kingdoms of the Holy Roman Empire, and ended up passing the role of emperor on to his brother and Spain on to his son.

Portugal

1139 - current times

In the times around when the sugar colonies were in high demand of slaves people from Portugal were in Brazil, and therefore most if not all Brazilians today speak Portuguese.

Ottoman Empire

1227 - 1923

The Ottoman empire was founded by Osman.

Aztec Empire

1325 - 1521

Hernan Cortez defeated the Aztecs ensuring that the Spaniards would be able to colonize Central America.

Songhay

1340 - 1591

Songhay is the third West African kingdom that takes shape in the same geographical location. The first two were Ghana and Mali.

Ming Dynasty

1368 - 1644

This dynasty was after the Yuan dynasty which was ruled by the Mongols.

Zheng He

1371 - 1433

He was a Muslim eunuch who led naval voyages for Emperor Yongle of China.

Prince Henry the Navigator

1394 - 1460

Prince Henry was interested in African trade and wished to capture ports on the Portuguese coast of Africa.

Johannes Gutenburg

1395 - 1468

He was the first European to widely use a printing press.

Forbidden City

1406 - current times

This place was used as the imperial palace of China during the Ming and Ching dynasties.

Mahmed the Conqueror

1432 - 1481

He conquered Constantinople and ended Byzantine Empire.

Incan Empire

1438 - 1572

The Spaniards once again bring down a great American civilization, the Incan Empire.

Christopher Columbus

1451 - 1506

Attempted to find a faster way to Spice trade, but ended up reaching the Americas instead.

Bartolomeu Dias

1451 - 1500

He is the first European to sail around Africa's southernmost tip.

Constantinople falls to the Ottomans

1453

The city is captured due to naval attack and bombardment.

Vasco de Gama

1460 - 1524

He was the first European to sail from Europe directly to India.

Montezuma II

1466 - 1520

He was the Aztec ruler during the invasion of Hernan Cortes.

Nicolo Machiavelli

1469 - 1527

He wrote the book the Prince.

Fransisco Pizarro

1471 - 1541

He led the Spanish expedition that brought down the Incas.

Nicolaus Copernicus

1473 - 1543

He was the Prussian astronomer and mathematician who proposed the heliocentric model of the universe.

Vasco de Balboa

1475 - 1519

He was the first European to lead an expedition that reached the Pacific Ocean from the New World.

Spain

1478 - current times

Spain was and may always be a major supporter of Catholicism.

Ferdinand Magellan

1480 - 1521

He was the first man to circumnavigate the Earth.

Spanish Inquisition

1481 - 1834

Method is used to mainain Orthodoxy of Catholics. Methods include burning heretics.

Martin Luther

1483 - 1546

He wrote the 95 Theses.

Hernan Cortes

1485 - 1547

He led the Spanish expedition that brought down the Aztec Empire.

Shah Ismail

1487 - 1524

He founded the Safavid dynasty.

Ignatius of Loyola

1491 - 1556

He founded the Jesuits.

Columbian Exchange

1492 - 1866

This was the exchange of people,animals, goods, and diseases due to a need for labor for mass production and monopolization of markets.

Treaty of Tortesillas

1494

This treaty was used to divide the uncharted worlds as possesions between Spain and Portugal using an imaginary line running from pole to pole.

Suleiman the Magnificent

1494 - 1566

He was known as the law giver.

Atahualpa

1497 - 1533

He was the last emperor of the Inca prior to Spanish conquest.

African Diaspora

1500 - 1900

Africans are dispersed due to internal and external influences having to do with the slave trade.

Safavid Dynasty

1501 - 1736

The Safavid dynasty was mainly comprised of Shia muslims.

Triangular Trade

1501 - 1866

This is trade between Europe, Africa, and the British colonies.

John Calvin

1509 - 1564

He founded Calvanism.

Battle of Chaldiran

1514

Ottomans beat the Safavids.

Protestant Reformation

1517 - 1648

Martin Luther is a main advocate for the reformation of the Catholics to turn Protestant, for he believes faith alone will get them to heaven.

Netherlands

1519 - current times

Dutch peoples hail from the Netherlands. They were the only people allowed to make port in Japan after the expellment of the Europeans and Christians (mainly one and the same).

Mughal Empire

1526 - 1857

The Mughal empire was located in India.

Akbar

1542 - 1605

He was a tolerant Mughal ruler.

Sonni Ali

1543 - 1616

He was the first king of Songhay.

Tokugawa Ieyasu

1543 - 1616

He united Japan.

Catholic Reformation

1545 - 1648

This was the Catholics response to the Protestant Reformation starting with the formation of the Council of Trent.

Council of Trent

1545 - 1547

This was created by Charles the fifth to learn what the Catholic Church needs to fix in order to not get people to reform to Protestantism.

Matteo Ricci

1552 - 1610

He was an Italian Jesuit priest who went to Japan.

Joint Stock Company

1553 - current times

The English were one of the first peoples to create a joint stock company.

Galileo Galilei

1564 - 1642

He was an Italian philosopher who made improvements on the telescope and made observations leading to the creation of the laws of Inertia.

Thomas Hobbes

1588 - 1679

He wrote the book the Leviathan and was an English philosopher.

East India Company

1600 - 1874

England and the Dutch both had their own East India Companies.

Tokugawa Shogunate

1600 - 1868

Japanese people during the reign of this shogunate were converting to Christianity thanks to the Jesuits.

Jamestown

1607

This is the first permanent English settlement in the United States.

John Locke

1632 - 1704

He was an English enlightenment thinker.

Louis XIV

1638 - 1715

He was an absolutist ruler and king of France.

Dutch Learning

1641 - 1853

This was a way for the Japanese to keep up to date on European advancements when they had shut all of them, but the Dutch away.

Qing Dynasty

1644 - 1912

This dynasty was ruled by the Manchurians, another group of nomadic peoples in Asia extorting their power through China.

Enlightenment

1650 - 1800

This was an age of learning and questioning that spurred from the Protestant and Catholic Reformations.

Kangxi

1654 - 1722

He was a Qing dynasty emperor of China who brought China back to its cuktural and financial prosperity.

Peter the Great

1672 - 1725

He made an effort to westernize Russia.

Voltaire

1694 - 1778

He was a French Enlightenment writer who attacked the Catholic Church.

Qianlong

1711 - 1799

He was the grandson of Kangxi.

Jean-Jacques Rouseau

1712 - 1778

He was a Genevan philosopher and composer of music during the Romantic time period.

Adam Smith

1723 - 1790

He was a Scottish philosopher that wrote: Causes to the Wealth of Nations.

Catherine the Great

1729 - 1796

She was the longest leading female ruler of Russia.

7 Years' War

1754 - 1763

This was a war between the Hapsburgs and Great Britian due to conflicted interests.

Quebec

1763 - Present

It is a province of Canada once ruled by both the French and the English.