By: Charlie Langschwager Bell 3
In 509 BCE the Roman Republic began, by 200 BCE, it had expanded and the governing body had changed to form an empire. In 476 CE, the Western Roman Empire fell, ending the original Roman Empire.
As the new "Roman emperor," this ruler attempts to revive the control of that ancient empire.
A critical shift in the governing entity and ideologies of Russia, which would have many political effects in the years following.
One of the first civilizations starts up.
This Babylonian Emperor developed a law code that is a commonly-known, ancient, political document.
A continuation of the Persian imperial tradition.
The final, decisive clash between the Christian, Byzantine Empire and the Islamic, Ottoman Empire.
Not only a serious economic venture, but a political one as well. This event shows European influence in other regions.
The State of Israel was proclaimed on 14 May 1948
More "first civilizations" get started. Interestingly enough, these two civilizations have opposite records in terms of political unity with the Chinese having several ruling states, versus the sparse records of encompassing empires in India.
By this time, small civilizations were existing in the Indian river valley.
One of China's most well-known dynasties, it employed Confucian ideas, united much of China, and improved Chinese infrastructure.
A rebuke of Chinese authority in a region that will ultimately become independent of China in the modern era.
One example of political fragmentation.
This governing system was an authority that ruled over daimyos and united Japan.
The bringing together of many peoples is demonstrated.
The diffusion of these people throughout Africa also spread ideas across the continent.
This African state showed that women could effectively govern and was a separate civilization from the Egyptians that so often dominate the world's record of Africa.
A major series of urban centers in Africa evolves during this period.
European nations scramble to claim all of Africa, along with its people, for its natural resources.
Independence was attained on 9 July 2011.
Referred to as the "mother civilization" of the Andes region, this civilization would seem to pre-date all others in the Americas.
Another predecessor of Meso-American civilizations takes shape.
A well-known, belligerent civilization of Meso-America.
This is the approximate time that historians suspect this political and military alliance came to be.
Major military clash over political ideas in North America.