Kyle's Guide to Religion

Main

Europe

Stonehenge is completed

2600 bc

The ancient stone structure's purpose is still debated, but is could have been used as an alter or an astronomical observatory.

Christianity the official religion of Roman Empire

380

For either political or spiritual reasons, the Roman Emperor Constantine declared that Christianity to become the official belief of the empire.

The First Crusade

1095 - 1099

A Roman Catholic Church lead excursion where Christians wanted to regain control of the Holy Land in the middle east. Results in the capture of Jerusalem.

Roman catholic Church

1500 - 2013

Originally half of the split Roman Empire, Catholicism has remained an influential religious organization for centuries. Even though it is based in the Vatican City, the church has power that reaches all across the world.

New pope elected

2013

On march 13, 2013 Pope Francis was elected to lead the Catholic church. This a historic moment because he is the first pope that came from South America, and the first from any place except Europe.

Middle East

Early Pastoral tribes with varying monotheistic and polytheistic beliefs.

20,000 bc - 1,000 bc

Nomadic hunter and gatherers and later pastoral groups moved around for thousands of years. And each of these groups had different ideas about spirituality and different deities.

First Egyptian Pyramid Built

2630 bc

The Egyptians built the pyramids for both monuments to their gods and as tombs. Especially when a pharaoh died is when the pyramids became even more religiously motivated because they were thought of as gods.

Zoroastrianism is founded

440 bc

Originating in the Iranian region, Zoroastrianism's style of worship and methods of prayer will later influence Judaism, Islam, and Christianity.

Life of Jesus

4 bc - 30 ad

Jesus up as a rural worker from a lower class family. In his brief public life he traveled and taught stories of wisdom, and was thought of as the son of God

Osama Bin Laden Declares a Holy war Against the United States

2001

Terrorist group al-Qaeda is angered by the U.S. and its involvement in the middle east and declares a "Jihad" which leads to terrorist attacks in future years.

Southeast Asia

Life of Confucius

551 B.C. - 479 B.C.

During the life of Confucius, he contemplated the relationships between people and how they should treat each other. After his death, his followers compiled his philosophies into analects.

Confucianism promoted be Han Dynasty

206 bc

After the Legalist dynasty of China fell, the Chinese citizens searched for a new philosophy that was much more forgiving, deciding on the Analects of Confucianism.

Yellow Turban Rebellion

184

Doaist Inspired peasant uprising which imagined a utopian society without oppression of governments or landlords.

Spread of Buddhism

200 - 300

The Indian philosophy of Buddhism spreads eastward to china with the help of the silk road

Beginning of Spanish takeover in the Phillippines

1565

The Spanish control would lead to some conversion of Filipinos to Catholicism.

South Asia

The Indian Caste system Forms

900 bc - 600 bc

As the different castes are established, the social classes become more prominent in society. The caste system later becomes the cornerstone of Hinduism.

Life of Buddha

563 bc - 483 bc

Born as Siddhartha Guatma, Buddha grew up as prince from a small area in India. Left his lifestyle to go on a six year spiritual quest to achieve "enlightenment".

The rise and spread of Hinduism

300 - 1000

Even though it is a polytheistic religion, Hinduism spread all throughout south Asia. During which Islam was its greatest religious opponent for followers.

Formation of Sikhism

1400 - 1500

Sikhism was formed in the 15th century and was based of the two major religions in the area: Hinduism and Islam.

India split into the two countries of India and Pakistan

1947

In the early 1900's religious tensions were high in British India between the Muslims and Hindus. Thus in 1947 the territory was split, and members from each religion were encouraged to move to their appropriate country.

The Americas

Olmecs built first pyramids and temples in the Americas

1200 bc

These pyramids were used by the Olmecs to worship their extensive amount of gods. Evidence of offerings were found here.

Chavin Religious Cult forms

850 bc

Norte Chico inspired civilization of the Chavin took hold. And their brand new religious organization laid the groundwork for future Incan beliefs.

Mayan Religion Flourishes

100 bc - 400

The Mayan civilization was polytheistic and in a way to honor their Sun god, the civilization built pyramids as monuments and places of worship.

Spanish Conquest of Aztecs and Incas

1520 - 1530

During the conquests of these civilizations, disease and war eliminated virtually all of these natives. This resulted in the end of the native religions.

Jamestown Established

1607

The first permanent settlement in North America. This marks the beginning of many new settlements that are formed in the Americas, by mostly protestants, to escape religious persecution in Europe.