Renaissance, translating to “Rebirth” in French, was a period in Europe recognized for the vast revolution it began. Changes such as innovations, the introduction of outstanding philosophers, the decline of the feudal system, explorations of land, and overall a change in society after the harsh times of the Middle Ages. The cause for the Renaissance was hypothesized to be due to the emergence of humanism, and the exposure to different cultures and ideas. During the 14th century, the cultural rise of humanism had begun in Italy. Humanism was the promotion of appreciating people’s abilities in education, classical arts, literature and science. In 1450 the Gutenberg printing press was accessible, which contributed vastly to this movement of humanism by spreading knowledge and empowering individuals. Due to wars, and conflicts by the early 17th century, the renaissance movement was substantially over and the Age of Enlightenment had begun. The renaissance movement gave a big rise to individualism and classical liberalism as it spread across Europe. It encouraged individual thought and empowered society to evolve at a much faster rate away from the strict dehumanizing walls the feudal system had imposed.