Social Growth of the World

Christina Schmidtgesling Bell 5

Main

Eurasia

Beginning of Mesopotamian Civilization

3,500 B.C.E.

Indo-European Mirgation

3,000 B.C.E. - 1,000 B.C.E.

A migrating group with a distinct language and no exact origin known.

Beginnings of Indus Valley and Chinese Civilizations

2,000 B.C.E.

Beginning of the Xia Dynasty in China(first dynasty in Asia)

Reign of Hammurabi in Babylonian Empire

1,792 B.C.E. - 1,750 B.C.E.

Created a code of law that contains over 282 laws. "eye of an eye, tooth for a tooth"

Africa

Harvesting of Wild Grains in Northeastern Africa

13,000 B.C.E. - 11,000 B.C.E.

Cattle Herding in Sudanic Africa

9,000 B.C.E.

Emergence of Nubian Civilization

3,500 B.C.E.

First African civilization, collapse based on environmental degradation and foreign pressures.

Hyksos Invasion of Egypt

1,650 B.C.E.


Mix of West Asian peoples who blended with Egypt then took over the eastern Nile Delta. They even had one of their own become a Pharaoh

The Americas

Cultivation of maize, squash, and beans in Mesoamerica

3,000 B.C.E. - 2,000 B.C.E.

first "farming" in the Americas (along with the Andes)

Norte Chico

3,000 B.C.E. - 1,800 B.C.E.

"Mother civilization" of the Andes

Cultivation of potatoes, quinoa, and manioc in the Andes

3,000 B.C.E. - 2,000 B.C.E.

first "farming" in the Americas(along with the Mesoamericans)

Beginnings of the Olmec Civilization

1,000 B.C.E.

First Civilization in Mexico, they also laid out the foundations for the civilizations that followed.

Moche civilization

300 C.E. - 700 C.E.

high social order, classes

China

Political Fragmentation

500 B.C.E. - 221 B.C.E.

Age of "warring states"

Qin Dynasty

221 B.C.E. - 206 B.C.E.

First imperial dynasty of China, unified China under its control, great trade because of land owning peoples, better system of writing

Han Dynasty

206 B.C.E. - 220 C.E.

The central government controlled China by dividing it into areas known as commanderies. Xiongnu nomads attacked and defeated the Han Dynasty many times which caused rebelling in the divided areas.

Yellow Turban Rebellion

184 C.E.

During the Han Dynasty, famine forced many out of the south and then were exploited by the landowners of the north, the the former southerns were heavily taxed for the silk road and because of the foreign threat of invasion. They rebelled and forced the army to defend against its own people except the foreign threat.

Sui Dynasty reunites China

589 C.E. - 618 C.E.

The rein of the Sui Dynasty was swift but it united north and south China after a very long period of division

S. Asia/India

Mauryan Dynasty

321 B.C.E. - 185 B.C.E.

Largest Indian Empire, gave India half a century of peace and security.

Reign of Ashoka

268 B.C.E. - 232 B.C.E.

Emperor of India, known as one of the best, kept India united and peaceful.

Gupta Dynasty

320 C.E. - 550 C.E.

"classic civilization" , peace resulted in a scientific and artistic revolution, the Golden Age of India, began to decline because of gradual territory loss.

Middle East/Persia

Achaemenid Dynasty

553 B.C.E. - 330 B.C.E.

aka the First Persian Empire, biggest empire the world has ever seen, formatted into multi-states under one emperor.

Seleucid Dynasty

383 B.C.E. - 323 B.C.E.

(Greek)was a major center of Hellenistic culture that maintained the preeminence of Greek customs, partly defeated by the Roman Empire.

Parthian Dynasty

247 B.C.E. - 224 B.C.E.

Adopted many things from those they conquered, like art, architectural designs, religious beliefs and royal insignia.

Sassanid Dynasty

224 C.E. - 651 C.E.

the peck of the Persian Empire, most important and influential period, culture expanded to many other parts of the world outside of its reign.
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Mediterranean Basin

Era of the Greek city-states

800 B.C.E - 336 B.C.E.

High point of Roman Empire

200 B.C.E. - 200 C.E.

was known as the Year of the Consulship of Maximus and Cotta