1450-1750 Timeline

By: Jeremy Burns

must know dates

Ottomans capture Constantinople


commanded by Mehmet II. it marked the end of the Byzantine empire

Dias rounded the Cape of Good Hope


First Portuguese explorer to round Africa’s southern tip

Colombus finds the Americas


Lands in the Caribbean. Marks the beginning to the connectedness of the Americas

slaves begin to enter the Americas


Most slaves came from Africa and went to Brazil or the Caribbean where living conditions were horrible

Martin Luther creates the 95 Theses


Starts the Protestant Reformation. He challenged the Pope's authority and believed salvation lied within faith alone

Cortez conquers Aztecs


Most deaths were caused by disease. the rest came from superior military technology and tactics

Pizarro defeats the Inca


Most deaths were caused by disease. the rest came from superior military technology and tactics

Battle of Lepanto


defeat of the Ottoman navy

Defeat of the Spanish Armada by the British


Spanish attack on Britain where Britain used fire ships to destroy the entire Spanish fleet

Battle of Sekigahara


unified japan. began the rule of the Tokugawa shogunate



the beginning of English colonial rule. Jamestown was built in a naturally swampy land that was hard to live on

30 years war

1618 - 1648

A religious war that stared in Bohemia but ended up encompassing most of Europe. lead to independence of many countries

Unsuccessful Ottoman seige of Vienna


Europeans stopped the Ottoman expansion at Vienna

Glorious Revolution; English bill of rights


The bloodless revolution that lead to Mary and William to overthrow James II. Lead to a constitutional monarchy and the English bill of rights

Age of Exploration

beginning of the Colombian exchange


Also known as the triangular trade, exchange flowed from Africa to the Americas to Europe. main goods were sugar, rum, molasses, and slaves

Portuguese enter Indian Ocean

1497 - 1542

set up a trading post empire through military techniques and cannons. Portuguese goods were inferior to Asian goods

Vasco de Gama lands in Calicut India


The Portuguese realized that their goods were inferior here and began their trading post empire

Vasco de Balboa goes to Pacific through Panama


The first time a European has come across the Pacific Ocean

Ferdinand Magellan sailed from the Atlantic to the Pacific

1519 - 1522

showed that Europe could and would become the masters of the sea. Magellan died on the voyage

East India Company


British joint-stock company in Asian products

seven years war

1754 - 1763

A war between the French and the British

Early modern Europe



unified when Isabella and Ferdinand married

Gutenburg is first to use movable printing


The printing press was used widely for mainly religious purposes as shown in the Protestant reformation


1450 - 1750

Kingdom of Europe that was strong in Absolute monarchies

Holy Roman Empire

1450 - 1648

catholic Empire in Europe that was ruled by the Pope. destroyed after the 30 years war


1450 - 1750

First Europeans to jump off the edge and explore the Oceans


1450 - 1750

An influencing power in Europe with a dominant navy

Spanish Inquisition


Rough tactics that converted Spain back to Catholicism

beginning of he Protestant reformation


Martin Luther stated his problems with the Catholic church and printed it out using the printing press. A lot of people took this new form of Christianity and ran with it

John Calvin starts Calvinism


Believes strongly that God has already decided everyone's destination after death; also known as predestination

Copernicus develops the heliocentric model


Challenged the Greek geocentric model of the solar system. Copernicus stated that the sun was at the center of the universe

Catholic counter reformation

1545 - 1563

Made Catholicism more appealing by abolishing indulgences and giving the Pope more power, all through the Council of trent

Loyola sails to Canary islands


Loyola creates the society of Jesus (Jesuits)

Galileo improves the telescope


He made many discoveries like moons on distant planets. HE DID NOT INVENT THE TELESCOPE

Age of Enlightenment

1650 - 1700

A period of European history that was centered on the belief that the universe was governed by laws and human reason would discover these laws

Thomas Hobbes write Leviathon


Strong believer that Absolute monarchies were the only way to rule a state correctly

Louis XIV


A french monarch who strongly believed in absolutism and had full power over France

Beginning of the Russian empire


Started due to the defeat of the Mongols in the 1400's. late to Westernization

beginning of the rule of Catherine the Great


Continued Peter's goal of westernizing Russia and expands the territory significantly

Voltaire writes his concerns


Voltaire strongly believed that people were entitled to their own opinions

Colonial Americas

Treay of Tordesillas

june 7 1494

The Pope said that the Americas belonged to the Spanish (except Brazil) and everything in Asia that was unconquered belonged to Portugal (except the Philippines)

Montezuma dies


Welcomes Spanish as gods but then killed

Atahualpa is executed


He was the last Incan ruler

Quebec is settled


A French City in Northern America that was a large fur destination

Early Modern Africa

Sunni Ali

1464 - 1492

Brought the Songhay empire to its highest point

end of the Songhay empire


The Songhay empire was a Muslim African empire

Early Modern East Asia

Beginning of the Ming Dynasty


China is ruled by the Chinese again and practice neoconfucianism. strong opposition to anything Mongolian in China. reversed all signs of Mongolian rule,created the Forbidden City

Voyages of Zheng He

1405 - 1433

Sponsored by emperor Yongle and was aimed at gaining more tributary states. ended because the Chinese council found it unnecessary and needed to spend money on Northern invasions



Dutch learning of westernization in Japan

start of Qing dynasty


Manchurian rule. The last Chinese imperial dynasty

end of Ming dynasty


Lost rule to the Manchurians


1661 - 1722

Qing ruler who expanded China and practiced Confucianism


1735 - 1796

Descendant of Kangxi and expanded China. Made Vietnam, Burma, and Nepal vassal states

Muslim gunpowder empires

Mehmet II

1451 - 1481

took control of Constantinople

Shah Ismeal begins the Safavid empire


a small, landlocked Muslim state who were primarily shia muslim and had many conflicts with the surrounding empires

Battle of Chaldiran


Ottoman victory over the Safavids

rule of Suleyman the Magnificent

1520 - 1566

The greatest ruler of the Ottoman empire and expanded the empire.

beginning of the Mughal empire


Muslim control over a primarily Hindu population

Rule of Akbar

1556 - 1605

The greatest Mughal ruler who really appealed to the massive Hindu population