Chemical fertilizer and agro-chemicals are adopted into agriculture and farming techniques to produce high levels of crops yielded. Coupled with new techniques for irrigation and mechanized cultivation, crops that were necessary staples for developing countries, such as rice, sorghum, wheat, millet, maize, casava, and beans, began to boom at incredible rates. The "revolution" was heavily backed by the Rockefeller and Ford foundations, and the term was coined by USAID Administrator W.S. Gaud, who hoped to contain the "Red Revolution" of Communism that was banking on poverty in developing countries. However, The Green Revolution has devastating consequences on rural wildlife, as the herbicides, pesticides, and synthetic fertilizers did more harm than good.
Hazell, Peter B.R. "The Asian Green Revolution." International Food Policy Research Institute, 2009, https://books.google.com/books?id=frNfVx-KZOcC&lpg=PA1&pg=PP2#v=onepage&q&f=false.
Image Credit: U.S. Public Domain (PD-USGOV-USDA) license (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cropduster_spraying_pesticides.jpg).