A package of 5 bills passed by Congress in September 1850. These bills defused a four year tension between slave and free states about the status of the territories acquired in the Mexican-American war. These bills stated that California would be admitted as a free state,
The remainder of the Mexican cession would be divided into two separate territories, New Mexico and Utah, and these territories would decide by popular sovereignty whether to be slave-holding or free, Texas would cede its claim to parts of the New Mexico territory, and, in exchange, the government would cover Texas’s $10 million war debt, The slave trade would be abolished in the District of Columbia, but slavery itself would continue, and that Congress would strengthen the Fugitive Slave Act by requiring citizens of any state, slave or free, to assist in the capture and return of runaway slaves.
Northerners were glad to get California, but terrified of the strengthening of the Fugitive slave act as well as slavery counting in some areas where it shouldn't be
Southerners were neutral to happy about the compromise. They had more control over their slaves, although efforts were being made to start stopping slavery.