In April 1814, Napoleon surrendered the French throne, ending his reign. Napoleon wanted to defeat Britain. Even though he had conquered most of Europe, he made multiple mistakes that led to the collapse of his empire.
The Rise of Napoleon & Creation of An Empire
1789 - 1799
Born on the island of Corsica, Napoleon quickly ascended up the ranks of the military during the French Revolution from 1789 through 1799. After seizing political power in France in a 1799 coup d'état, he crowned himself emperor in 1800.
The Storming of Bastille
On 14 July 1789, a state prison on the east side Paris called the Bastille, was attacked by a mob. The prison represented king's the dictatorial rule, and the event became one of the biggest parts of the revolution.
The Tennis Court Oath
On 20 June 1789, the members of the French Third Estate took the Tennis Court Oath, promising "not to separate and to reassemble wherever circumstances require, until the constitution of the kingdom is established." This begin the revolution.
The Estate's General Meeting
May 5th, 1789 - 1799
In 1789, the King Louis XVI asked for a meeting of the Estates General. It was the first since 1614. He called because the government had financial burdens.
The Reign of Terror
Sep 5, 1793 - Jul 28, 1794
This was a period of eleven months when the French people who did not support the revolution were executed at the guillotine. Robespierre was one of the last to be guillotined.
The Congress of Vienna
1814 - 1815
The Congress of Vienna was held beginning in September of 1814 to June of 1815. After the downfall of Napoleon Bonaparte, this international conference was made to bring balance among the European powers in such a way so as to prevent future wars and maintain peace and stability in Europe.