Hornbooks were created in the 1400s to teach children how to read.
New England Primers
These primers were first published in 1687 by Benjamin Harris. They were the basis for teaching reading in the early American colonies.
1830 - 1839
McGuffey was a Christian teacher. He started writing these readers in 1836.
Language Experience Approach
1920 - 1960
This approach teaches by using real-life experiences. In this approach, students not only learn to read but also learn to speak using the correct words.
This video is a great example of how a teacher uses this approach to teach English. https://youtu.be/zAMdcyL1RRU
The Look and Say Method
1930 - 1940
Although this method was invented in the 1830s, it didn't become popular until the 1930-40s.
This method teaches reading by using the whole word instead of breaking it down into letters and sounding the word out.
Why Johnny Can't Read
This is a book written in 1955 by Rudolph Flesch. He criticized American because they weren't teaching phonics, and this was making it harder for students to read.
The Great Debate
Learning to Read: The Great Debate is a book published in 1967, but this debate has lasted for most of the 20th century. The book is about whether teachers should use phonics or the look-say method to teach reading.
1990 - 1999
This approach came about in the 1990s. The Balanced Literacy approach is in the middle of two extremes: phonics and whole language teaching. In this approach, the teacher models and the students work independently while the teacher supports them.
Common Core State Stndards
2009 - 2010
The Common Core is a set of standards to hold public schools accountable, so their students will be ready for college.