Male Spartans began military training at age seven, they would enter the agoge system, until twenty years of age. The agoge was designed to encourage discipline and physical toughness and to emphasize the importance of the Spartan State. In addition, they were trained to survive in times of privation, even if it meant stealing. Besides physical and weapons training, boys studied reading, writing, music and dancing.
Girls were also required to train physically. They believed strong women produced strong babies to produce future soldiers in order to maintain the strength of Sparta’s phalanxes which were essential to Spartan defense and culture.