On Black Tuesday 16.4 million shares were sold at really low prices. Much lower than they were sold a month earlier. This was called the Crash of 1929 and was the first economic drop of the Great Depression.
On the night of the Crash of 1929, thousands of customers tried to withdraw their savings in the bank. Most banks do not keep everyone's money on hand, so they could not pay all of them all at once.
Adolf Hitler, was named chancellor of Germany.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt was elected as president easily against Hoover, and was nicknamed FDR. He was inaugurated in January because of the Twentieth Amendment; which marks the end and beginning of the inauguration of the elected president.
The Nuremberg laws said that if you had three or four Jewish grandparents, than you were a Jew, but if only two of your grandparents were Jewish, then you were a Mischlinge or a half-breed.
The nine justices of the supreme court opposed Franklin Delano Roosevelt's New Deal programs. Roosevelt told congress to pass a bill that would let him add more justices to the Supreme court. He wanted to get justices that agreed with him in his ideas, so that his New Deal programs would not fail. The congress disagreed at first. They said that it messed with the system of checks and balances in the constitution. Eventually, he succeeded in his plan.
The Kristallnacht, or Night of Broken Glass was when German synagogues were burned and Jewish shop windows were smashed. About 100 Jews were killed and thousands were arrested. This happened because Jews became a target for persecution after the Nuremberg laws were enacted.
Hitler took over Austria by forcing the Chancellor of Austria to resign and encourage Austrians to accept German leadership.
Neville Chamberlain was the Prime Minister of Great Britain. He spoke to his nation in a speach that is called "Peace in our Time". He said that Hitler, and himself talked about and signed a treaty that would hopefully keep peace between Germany and Great Britain: (link) http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1938PEACE.html
Of course this happened before WWII.
The Wizard of Oz was released during the great depression, and has lots of symbolism that matches the 1930 time period. As an example, the tornado represents all the troubles that started the depression, like, the bank rush and the stock market drop. Also the wizard and FDR.
On September first 1939, about 1.5 million Germans attacked Poland on their border lines. They bombed Poland airfields; German u-boats and war ships attacked Poland naval forces in the Baltic sea. Afterward, Britain and France declared war on Germany, starting WWII.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt gets inaugurated again, for the third time.
After the attack by Japan on Pearl Harbor, Germany and Italy declared war on the US. The Tripartite Pact formed an alliance between Japan, Italy and Germany.
Anne Frank was a diarist since she was twelve, explaining her everyday experiences. She and her family left their home from Germany to Amsterdam, Netherlands. They left to avoid persecution from the Nazi's. They left after Ann's sister got the call to go to a Nazi work camp.