Summary: During the election of 1860, the southern states refused to even put Abraham Lincolns’ name on the ballot because of his anti-slavery beliefs. The southern states were outraged when Lincoln won the election because they felt they weren’t represented. This was the straw after the North also failed to uphold the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 saying that slaves were to be returned to their owners. On December 20, 1860, South Carolina seceded from the United States of America.
Northerner’s view: The North, not wanting to go to war, tried to compromise and revamp the Fugitive Slave Law. However, that didn’t work. Then the North said that they didn’t have the right to leave the Union.
Southerners view: At this point, the Southerners wanted war. After South Carolina, many Southern states followed including Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas. However, Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina did not want to go to war so they did not secede immediately. After the battle of Fort Sumter, Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina thought the Union would no longer support their needs so they also seceded.