Summary: The Compromise of 1850 was an agreement that temporarily settled the issue of slavery in land received from Mexico. After the Mexican war the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo gave the US land that includes the states of California, New Mexico, Arizona, and Utah. The North and South argued over whether the land should be free or slave states. The Compromise of 1850 was formed to settle the disagreements. The compromise included four main points, california would be a free state, Utah and New Mexico would decide about slavery through popular sovereignty, slavery would be abolished in Washington DC, and there would be stricter fugitive slave laws. The compromise seemed to settle most issues for about three years.
North Perspective: The North gained the most from the compromise, they now had an edge in congress, political power was no longer balanced equally. However many Northerners were very upset about the fugitive slave law, they claimed the law was unfair and refused to enforce the law. The North rebelled against the law by helping slaves escape and forming the underground railroad.
Southern perspective: Southerners were pleased with the fugitive slave law but recognized the North benefited more from the compromise. They were happy there were no slave holding restrictions in New Mexico and Utah but were mad when Northerners refused to abide by the fugitive slave law. The law created tensions between the North and South.