Upon Luther's first criticisms, King Henry VIII defended the Catholic Church. However, this opinion suddenly changed upon wishing to divorce his wife, Catherine of Aragon. he pope denied this request because it was against cannon law. Therefore, King Henry VIII followed in Luther, Calvin, and other leader's footsteps and broke away from the authority of the pope since Protestant ideas did allow divorce. Then, he created the church of England, now known as the Anglican church, and passed the Act of Supremacy: whomever was in charge of the country, was also the head of the church.
Some disagreed with this movement and wanted Catholicism and its power back as the prominent religion. They believed Protestantism and the quick rise of it was misunderstanding Catholic ideas and was taking away rights from certain important people.