The style of an era of transition
Art Nouveau had the undoubted role of reconstructing the unity of the design intervention, rethinking the furniture in communion with the architecture and thus removing the upholsterer from his pre-eminent role. Art Nouveau designers also believed that all kinds of art were a unified style and should work in harmony to create a "total work of art”, or Gesamtkunstwerk: buildings, furniture, textiles, clothes, and jewelery… and interiors
The invariant feature in the new European styles, is the inspiration of nature.
It is also the East, since the mid-nineteenth century, to fill the dreams not only of the middle class, but also of the literary and artistic aristocracy. First of all: Japan, China and India, then Polynesia and Southern Africa. The prints of the Japanese painter Hokusai will have a great influence.
- Paris (H. Guimard)
- School of Nancy (Gallé laboratory, L. Majorelle, Daum)
Belgium (V. Horta, P. Hankar, Van de Velde)
Great Britain (A. L. Liberty, "Liberty & Co." shop in London 1875)
School of Glasgow (Charles K. Mackintosch)
Germany (R. Riemerschmid, P. Behrens)
Holland De Jonge Kunst (P. Berlage)
Barcelona (A. Gaudi, Puig y Cadafalch, Domenech Montaner)
Austria-Vienna (J. Hoffmann, K. Moser, J. M. Olbrich)
Milan (Sommaruga - Quarti), Trieste (D'Aronco), Palermo (Basile -Ducrot, Zen)