World War 1

American Events

The United States declares Neutrality

August 4, 1914

The United States declares neutrality in the current war erruption happening in Europe.

America trades with Britian despite blockade

August 30, 1915

America and Britian decide to still trade, despite the current blockade place upon Germany. This is leading America closer into the war.

U.S. Secretary of War Resigns

February 10, 1916

As a result of bitter disagreements with President Woodrow Wilson over America's national defense strategies, Lindley M. Garrison resigns his position as the United States secretary of war.

Wilson proposes the Sussex Pledge

April 19, 1916

President Woodrow Wilson proposes the Sussex Pledge to both Germany and Congress. The pledge states that passenger ships were to not be sunk without warning and merchant ships would not be sunk until the presence of weapons was established.

Re-election of Wilson

November 7, 1916

American's re-elect Woodrow Wilson as president with the slogan "He kept us out of the war."

Zimmermann Telegram intercepted

January 19, 1917

Americans intercept a telegram sent by Alfred Zimmermann who's message outlines plans for an alliance between Germany and Mexico against the United States. According to the telegram, Germany would provide tactical support while Mexico would benefit by expanding into the American Southwest, retrieving territories that had once been part of Mexico.

America cuts diplomatic relations with Germany

February 3, 1917

The United States severs diplomatic ties with Germany after a U-Boat sinks the American grain ship Housatonic.

United States declares war on Germany

April 6, 1917

After enough tension with Germany's submarine warfare, the United States finally enters the war.

Selective Service Act passed by Congress

May 18, 1917

Also known as the draft, the Selective Service Act was created to increase the amount of men in the Army. The currently small army of about 145,000 men will increase to about 4,000,000 via the draft.

Wilson presents his 14 points speech

January 18, 1918

President Woodrow Wilson outlines an elaborate peace plan to the U.S. Congress containing Fourteen Points as the basis of its establishment with the last point creating a League of Nations.

America helps fight Russian communists

August 3, 1918

American steps in to help fight the advancing Russian communisists.

Treaty of Versallies rejected by Senate

March 19, 1920

On March 19, 1920, the United States Senate rejected the Treaty of Versallies for the second time, by a vote of 49-35, falling seven votes short of a two-thirds majority needed for approval.

19th Ammendment is added to the Constitution

August 26, 1920

Eight days after it had been ratified, the 19th ammendment was put into effect. The ammendment gave women the right to vote in all American states/territories.

World Events

"Bloody Sunday"

January 22, 1905

Russia was experiencing massive unemployment, high inflation, food shortages. There were striking factory workers and competing revolutionary groups stirred up the people to the extent that thousands took to the streets of St. Petersburg, marching to Czar Nicholas' palace with a petition, signed by over 100,000, demanding free speech, and rights of workers

Assination of Archduke Ferdinand

June 28, 1914

The assination of Archduke Ferdinand is what sends Austria into World War I.

Austria-Hungary Declares War on Serbia

July 28, 1914

Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia after their refusal of Austria's ultimatium following the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand.

Austrian Bombing of Serbia

July 30, 1914

Austrian warships bombarded Belgrade, which is the capital of Serbia. This is what leads Russia into the war.

Russia begins full mobilization of troops

July 31, 1914

Because fo Austria's attack on Serbia, Russia immediately begins mobilizing their troops and Germany demands it to stop. This is Russia's big step into entering the war.

Germany Declares War on Russia

August 1, 1914

Germany offically declares war on Russia, which officially brings them into the war. In the meantime, France and Belgium begin full mobilization of troops.

Germany Declares War on France and Invades Belgium

August 3, 1914

Germany declares war on France, and invades neutral Belgium. Britain then sends an ultimatum to Germany, to withdraw from Belgium. The war is now becoming a World War.

Great Britian Declares War on Germany

August 4, 1914

Great Britain declares war on Germany. This declaration includes all of the countries of the British Empire including Canada, Australia, New Zealand, India and South Africa.

Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia

August 6, 1914

The Austro-Hungarian Empire declares war on Russia. At the same time, French and Belgian troops invade the German colony of Togo in West Africa.

Battle of Tannenberg

August 26, 1914 - August 30, 1914

Fought between Russia and Germany, this was one of the first battles of World War I. The battle resulted in a German Victory and almost a complete distruction of the Russia Second Army.

First Aircraft Bombing

September 22, 1914

The first ever air raid commanded by Britian which bombed the Zeppelin bases at Cologne and Düsseldorf are bombed. This battle shows the increasing use of aircraft in war.

Christmas Truce between Great Britian and Germany

December 25, 1914

Both the German and the British troops stopped all fighting on Christmas to exchange gifts, sing carols and even play a game of soccer together. This shows the importance of such holidays to these countries.

German declaration of British Isles

February 4, 1915

Germany declares that ships may be sunk without warning in the British Isles which is also declared as a war zone.

British Blockade

March 1915

Britian declares a total blockade on Germany and prohibiting all shipping imports, including food.

Lusitania Sunk

May 7, 1915

A German U-Boat torpedoes the British passenger liner Lusitania off the Irish coast. President Woodrow Wilson becomes involved by sending diplomatic requests to Germany. America is slowly creeping into the war.

Arabic was torpedoed and sunk

August 19, 1915

The liner "Arabic" (also known as white star) was torpedoed and sunk with Americans on board.

Germany stops "Sinking without Warning"

August 30, 1915

Germany stop sinking ships without warning them beforehand.

Sinking of the Sussex

March 24, 1916

Germans sink the French ship Sussex without warning. Earlier Germany established the sinking of armed merchant ships but not passenger ships.

Battle of Jutland

May 31, 1916 - June 1, 1916

Known as the greatest Naval battle of World War I and was fought between Britian and Germany. This battle had many of the qualifications to be a British victory, yet the Germans won.

Italy declares war on Germany

August 28, 1916

With Italy joining the war, the phrase of it being a "World War" or "The Great War" becomes more relevant.

Lloyd George becomes Britian's new Prime Minister

December 7, 1916

Lloyd George becomes Britain's new Prime Minister. His new War Cabinet immediately begins to organize the country for "total war."

Russian Czar abdicates the throne

March 15, 1917

Czar Nicholas II is forced off the throne because of revolts and strikes that have broken out in St. Petersberg.

Third Battle of Ypres

July 31, 1917 - November 6, 1917

Also known as the Battle of Passchendaele, was another war fought between the British and the Germans. This battle that took place on the western front, was over control of the Belgian city of Ypres.

Germany launches the Spring Offensive

March 21, 1918

Was also known as the Ludendorff Offensive, was a series of German attacks along the Western Front during World War I, beginning on March 21, 1918, which marked the deepest advances by either side since 1914. The Germans had realized that their only remaining chance of victory was to defeat the Allies before the overwhelming human and material resources of the United States could be deployed

Zeebrugge Raid

April 22, 1918

Was an attempt by the British Royal Navy to neutralize the key Belgian port of Bruges-Zeebrugge by sinking older British ships in the canal entrance to prevent German ships from leaving port.

Austria-Hungary leaves the war

November 3, 1918

The only remaining ally of Germany, Austria-Hungary, signs an armistice with Italy, leaving Germany alone in the war.

Kaiser's Imperial government collapses

November 9, 1918

Monarchy in Germany ends when Kaiser Wilhelm II is dethroned in the November Revolution. Philipp Scheidemann proclaims the Weimar Republic from a window of the Reichstag.

German's surrender

November 11, 1918

German's sign an armistice stating that all fighting shall ceece at the eleventh hour of the eleventh day. Until that hour, both sides were rapidly firing, hoping to get the last shot.

Treaty of Versallies

June 28, 1919

A German delegation signs the Treaty of Versallies formally ending the war. Its 230 pages contain terms that have little in common with Wilson's Fourteen Points as the Germans had hoped.

Hitler appointed as Chancellor of Germany

January 30, 1933

On this day, Hitler had been named leader or fuhrer of Germany. This marks the beginning of a drastic change in Germany and for the rest of the world.