Language Laws and Education Rights

In what ways do language laws and education rights promote languages and cultures?

Main

Confederation

July 1, 1867

Canada becomes a country. Canada is considered officially bilingual.

English: official language of instruction in Alberta schools

1892

English became the official language of instruction in Alberta schools.

Official Languages Act

September 9, 1969

Official Languages Act is passed. Three objectives of Act: the equality of English and French within the government, maintain and develop official language communities in Canada, the equality of English and French in Canadian society.

Bilingual turn French immersion

1970

Bilingual schools known as French immersion schools in Alberta.

Bill 101 passed in Quebec

1977

Bill 101, a law that became known as the French Language Charter. The law made French the only official language of Quebec. Laws were enacted in French. All outside signs had to be in French (later, English was allowed, but French had to predominate). Workers could not be forced to speak a language other than French. All students had to attend Francophone schools, unless at least one of their parents had been educated in English in Quebec. Later, students whose parents had attended Anglophone schools elsewhere in Canada were also allowed to attend Anglophone schools.

The Charter of Rights and Freedoms

April 17, 1982

Section 23 of the Charter states that Canadian citizens have the right to have his/her children educated in either French or English.

"New" Official Languages Act

1988

"New" Official Languages Act passed. New Act states Canadian government's commitment to promote bilingualism within Canadian society, and to support the development of official language minority rights.

Section 23 win!

1990

Alberta Francophone parents win the right to have their children to have French first-language education in Francophone schools run by Francophones.

The year most of you were born

1998

The year the most of you were born.