WWI and Russia

Main

Francis Ferdinand assassinated at Sarajevo by Serbians

June 28, 1914

Kaiser William II promised German support for Austria against Serbia

July 5, 1914

Germany declares war on Russia.

August 1 1914

Germany declares war on France.

August 3 1914

The United Kingdom declares war on Germany, after Germany invades Belgium.

August 4 1914

Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia and Serbia declares war on Germany.

August 6 1914

U.S. President Woodrow Wilson announces the U.S. will remain neutral.

August 19 1914

First Battle of the Marne begins - trench warfare soldiers on both sides dig in.

September 5 1914

Britain said that North Sea is military area = blockade of goods into Germany

November 3, 1914

Germany declares "war zone" around Britain, effecting submarine blockade

February 4 1915

Second Battle of Ypres begins - Germans first use poison gas.

April 22 1915

British ocean liner RMS Lusitania is sunk by German U-boat, U-20

May 7 1915

Tsar Nicholas II takes personal control over Russia's armies.

September 5, 1915

The Battle of Verdun begins- longest and one of bloodiest battles

February 21, 1916

The Battle of Jutland, the major naval battle

May 31 1916

The Battle of the Somme, tanks are first introduced into battle.

July 1 1916

Russian Revolutions - toppled monarchy

1917

Germany sends the secret Zimmerman Telegram to Mexico, U.S. intercepts it.

January 19, 1917

Russian Tsar Nicholas II abdicates.

March 15, 1917

The United States declares war on Germany.

April 6, 1917

The Bolsheviks successfully overthrow the Russian government.

November 7, 1917

Armistice agreed upon between new Russian gov. and Central Powers effective

December 17, 1917

Civil War in Russia

1918 - 1921

Russia signs Treaty of Brest Litovsk - peace treaty with the Central Powers.

March 3 1918

German flying ace, Baron Manfred von Richthofen - Red Baron - shot down.

April 21, 1918

German Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicates and flees Germany.

November 9 1918

Germany signs the armistice at Compiegne, France - fighting ends

November 11, 1918

The Treaty of St. Germain - Between Austria and Allied powers

1919

The Treaty of Versailles officially ends WWI.

June 28, 1919

The Treaty of Sèvres - abolished Ottoman Empire

August 10, 1920