Basketball

All about Basketball

Basketball was invented by James Naismith

1891

It was invented at Springfield college (Y.M.C.A. training school) at the time.

The first rules were devised

1892

Women's Basketball was introduced by Sendra Berenson

1893

Sendra was a gymnastics instructor at Smith College, Massachusetts. No male spectators were allowed at the Women's Basketball games

Iron Hoops and Hammock style baskets were introduced

1893

The first manufactured balls

1894

The first balls were made by a bicycle manufacturing company. Until 1894, this game was played with a soccer ball.

Free throws were first inducted

1894

A made field goal and a free throw counted as one point

The free throw line was established

1894

The free throw line was 21'

wire mesh backboards were introduced

1895

The wire mesh backboards prevented spectators from interfering with the game.

The free throw line was moved closer

1895

It was moved to 15'

Rules were changed to count a made field goal as two points

1896

Five players became the mandatory team size

1897

Originally, there was no set number of players and teams played with up to 50 players. After experimenting, they started playing with 9 players on each team, the reason being that 18 people showed up for Naismith's Physical Ed class.

Rules were changed to allow the person to dribble the ball once

1901

After dribbling the ball, the person had to pass the ball and could not shoot it.

wood replaced easily dented wire mesh

1904

plate glass usage was approved

1909

Player disqualification was increased from 2 to 4

1911

It was again increased in 1945 to five fouls.

a two foot gap was between backboard and the wall

1916

A two foot gap was made between the backboard, to prevent people from running up the walls for easy lay-ups, and the end line was required

Traveling was changed to a violation

1922

Until 1922, traveling was considered a foul

Dribbling was outlawed

1927

Dribbling was outlawed for a two week period but was reinstated

Balls were redesigned

1929

They were redesigned for more bounce and with concealed laces which eliminated uneven bounces

The mid court line was established

1932

This eliminated stalling

The team to advance past the midcourt line in less than 10 seconds

1933

It was again reduced to 8 seconds in 2000

The key was established

1936

This was established to prevent players from camping around the basket

A center jump followed each successful basket

1937

This was changed to alternate possession in 1981

the gap was increased to the present 4 feet

1939

The gap was made to allow for movement under the basket.

Molded basketballs replaced stitched balls

1942

Molded basketballs maintained a constant shape and size

Coaching in the game was allowed

1949

Until 1949, coaching wasn't allowed during the game or time outs; only during half time

The NBA instituted thee 24 second shot clock

1954

The American Basketball league played with the three-point shot

1961

There was a no dunking rule in college basketball

1967

This lasted until 1977

Men's and Women's sports were equalized

1972