The force known as nationalism caused competition between countries. This force helped create the Europe's Great Powers; Germany, Austria-Hungary, Great Britain, Russia, Italy, and France. The nationalism created rivalries between the countries. The main competition was for material and economic wealth, a characteristic that Great Britain was long known for in Europe. Other European countries wished to challenged Great Britain's industrial dominance. Disputes between territory grew as well, for example, France's loss of Alsace-Lorraine to Germany. Then there were countries within the Balkans sought Independence with their deep nationalism, such as the Serbs, Bulgarians, and other social groups.