U.S. as a world power

Chapter 10

Acquiring Alaska

1867

Secretary of State William Seward arranges for the U.S. to buy Alaska from the russians for $7.2 million.

Acquiring Midway Islands

1867

U.S. takes over uninhabited Islands just 1300 miles north of Hawaii.

Admiral Alfred T. Mahan

1883

One of many American leaders advising to grow the U.S. military power. His and others urging caused the U.S. to build modern battleships and become the third largest naval power.

Sanford B. Dole

1891

After overthrowing the royal power in Hawaii, the Americans set up a government in which Dole was the leader.

Jose Marti

1895

A Cuban poet which sought to free his country from the Spanish rule. Led a rebellion in Cuba.

Yellow journalism

1896 - April 20, 1898

A writing style in which newspaper tycoons Hearts and Pulitzer exaggerated Weyler's actions in cuba to enrage the public. American citizens call for war against Spain grew with each publication made.

William Randolph Hearst

1896 - April 20, 1898

Newspaper tycoon using press power to enrage the public and cry for war.

Joseph Pulitzer

1896 - April 20, 1898

Newspaper tycoon using press power to enrage the public and cry for war.

General Valeriano Weyler

1896

Spanish general sent to cuba to stop Jose Marti's rebellion and restore order.

President William McKinley

1897 - 1898

McKinley succeeded President Cleveland in 1897 and favored annexation of Hawaii.

U.S.S. Maine blows up

February 15,1898

Ship blows up in the harbor of Havana Cuba, newspaper quickly blame Spain for the happening and "Remember the Maine" became the cry for battle in the U.S.

President William McKinley

April 11,1898 - April 20, 1898

McKinley went to Congress and ask for the authority to use power against Spain, after a week Congress agreed and declared war.

Spanish American War

April 20, 1898 - August 12, 1898

War between the U.S. and Spain. They fought in the Philippines and in the Caribbean.

Commander George Dewey

April 30, 1898 - August 1898

Led the American fleet to the Philippines. His victory at manila did not only help army forces to invade but proved the strength of the U.S. Navy.

War in the Philippines

April 30, 1898 - August 1898

Commander George Dewey led his fleet to the Philippines and attacked the capital, manila, destroying every Spanish ship allowing for American forces to land in the Philippines.

War in the Caribbean

June 1898 - July 25, 1898

Admiral William T. Sampson formed a blockade while army invaded Cuba towards the city of Santiago.

Admiral William T. Sampson

June 1898 - July 25, 1898

Led the American fleet to the Caribbean and formed a blockade on Spanish forces in Cuba. Also they defeated the remaining Spanish forces trying to escape through Santiago, Cuba.

Acquiring Hawaii

August 12,1898

U.S. Congress proclaimed Hawaii as an American territory.

Treaty of Paris

December 10, 1898

U.S and Spain meet in Paris, France to have peace talks. Spain turns over Cuba, Islands of Guam and Puerto Rico to the United States. U.S. also buys the Philippines for $20 million.

Governing Puerto Rico

December 10, 1898 - 1900

Many Puerto ricans wanted independence or statehood but the U.S. wanted it for an American presence in the Caribbean and to protect a future canal in panama which they wanted to build.

Hostilities with Cuba

December 10, 1898 - 1903

Cubans wanted independence from the U.S. and in 1900 wrote a constitution. The U.S. did not accept their constitution and wanted them to add the Platt Amendment. in 1901. In 1903 they added it and U.S. forces left Cuba.

Jose Marti

1899

After Spanish American War, Marti predicted that the U.S. would just assume the role that Spain had in Cuba. He was somewhat right.

Open door notes

1899

Letters by John Hay to leaders of imperialist nations to propose sharing the rights of trade with the U.S.

Competition over the China market

1899

Trade in Asia had become difficult for the U.S. since China's coast was colonized and each colony had its own trade rights and economic privileges.

U.S. Secretary of State John hay

1899

He issued a series of letters to leaders of imperialist nations in which he proposed sharing their trading rights with the U.S.

Emilio Agunaldo

February, 1899 - 1902

Leader of the filipino rebels, fought to free the Philippines during the Philippine American War.

Philippine American War

February 1899 - 1902

Led by Emilio Aguinaldo, Filipino rebels rose and fought for their freedom. After the war, 4,000 Americans had died and the battle cost was $400 million.

Foraker Act

1900

The end of military rule in Puerto Rico and set up of a civil government.

Boxer Rebellion

August 1900 - October 1900

Chinese secret society "Boxers" fought against colonist to get rid of their influences but were quickly defeated by the armies of the nations which had colonize there.

Platt Amendment

1901

An Amendment which the U.S. wanted the Cubans to add to their Constitution to secure a political presence in Cuba.

US acquisition of the Panama Canal

November 3, 1903

After helping Panama get its independence from Colombia, Panama and the U.S. signed a treaty. The treaty said that the U.S. would pay Panama an annual rent for the land to build the canal.

US role in Panama's rebellion from Colombia

November 3, 1903

Panama, with the help of the U.S., declared its independence from Colombia. The U.S. helped organize a rebellion against Colombia when negotiations for a canal broke down.

US use of police power in Latin America

1904

Use of the Monroe Doctrine to use force in Latin America to help protect it's economic interests. Example of this use, 1911 Nicaragua Rebellion.

Roosevelt Corollary

1904

Added to the Monroe Doctrine in which the U.S. says it will use force to protect its economic interest in Latin America.

Dollar Diplomacy

1905

A policy which the U.S. will use its economical power to influence other contries

US Intervention in the Mexican Revolution

April 1914 - 1915

American forces invade Veracruz after Huerta's forces arrest a group of American sailers. The purpose for this invasion was to get rid of Huerta's leadership since President Wilson didn't agree with the current government.

Chapter 11

The Alliances

1907

The Triple Entente which involved France, Britain, and Russia made a pact. Following after that was The Triple Alliance which involved Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Turkey.

WW1

1914 - 1918

A war between the Triple Entente and the Central Powers that would last for 5 years. In the course of those years changes happened, some minor, others significantly historical.

President Wilson and the Peace Effort

1914

President Woodrow Wilson’s Peace Effort was for the U.S to become a neutral country during WW1.

German SubMarine Warfare

1914 - 1918

Type of warfare in which the germans cut off their enemies trade. On September 5, 1914, A German U-boat sunk a Neutral ship. This event would later spark more events such as The U.S getting involved in the war. Also led to the Convoy system.

British Blockade

1914 - 1919

The British Blockade was conducted by the allied powers to stop materials of any sort from getting to the Central powers of Europe. This Blockade left most people starving to death making more casualties of war than their should have been.

The Zimmerman Note

1917

Was a diplomatic note ended from the German Empire to Mexico in order for them to start a war against the U.S. If Mexico had agreed to this and the German empire did successfully defeat the allies with the help of Mexico, then half of the U.S would have been regain by Mexico

Wilson's "declaration of war"

1917

President Woodrow Wilson attempt to convience congress to go to war. Four days later majority of congress agrees to go to war.

Selective Service Act of 1917

may 17, 1917

An act on may 17, 1917, which declared a raising of an American army. Mainly a random draft of people willing to serve for the U.S American Army

Second Battle of Marne

july 15, 1918

July 15, 1918 was the lat offensive the Germans had their last chance of advancing forward and instead were defeated by an allied counter attack led by french forces. This marked the Beginning and the End of the War.

War and the "Booming" U.S Economy

1920

The boom was caused by the sending home of the soldiers after the war, more resources were needed and everything was in higher demand, so businesses produced more and more. This event later escalated to one of the reasons of the great depression.

Chapter 16

Treaty of Versailles

06/28/1919

Treaty of Versailles was signed today. It was a treaty that was supposed to ensure a lasting peace by punishing Germany and setting up a League of Nations to solve diplomatic problems. Instead it created many geographical and economical problems that have been blamed for starting world war 2.

Adolf Hitler

1933 - 1945

Adolf Hitler was leader of Germany during the Third Reich and the primary instigator of both the Second World War in Europe and the mass execution of millions of people deemed to be “enemies” or inferior to the Aryan ideal.

Munich agreement

9/30/1938

A deal between Hitler and his enemies to take Czechoslovakia and they wouldn't stop him with the condition he won't invade any other countries. But that was not enough for Hitler