Untitled timeline

Politics of the gilded age

Political machine

1868 - 1890

the political machines is an organized group that controls the activities of political parties in a city, and it also offers services to voters and buisnesses in exchange for financial support or political.

Tweed Ring Scandal

1869 - 1871

The tweed ring was a group of corrupted politics, in defrauding the city

Roscoe Conkling

1870

Civil Service Reform

1883

Its a federal law that was established by the United States Civil Service Commission. t made all the employees on a merit and a mark on the end of the spoiled system.

the progressive era

Wome's Suffrage

1718

The womens suffrage is the right of the women to vote and run office.

Scientific Management

1856 - 1915

it was made to improve the economic efficiency, it was also the first thing to apply science to the engineering and the process and a management.

WCTU

1873

it was on of the largest groups for woman in the nations history, it had approximately 245,000 members in 1911

Eugene Victor."Gene" Debs

1875

Gene was born in november 5, 1855.He died in october 20, 1926 .He was an American union leader, he was one of the founding members of the Industrial Workers of the World.Debs had joined the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen (BLF) in February 1875 and became active in this fraternal benefit organization

Scientific Management

1880

scientific management was also called taylorism.It was a theory of management that analyzed and synthesized work-flows.The main objective was getting better economic efficience including labor productivity. It was one of the earliest attempts to apply science to the engineering of processes and to management.

Hazen Stuart Pingree

1889

Hazen was born in august 30, 1840 and he died in june 18, 1901 was a four term republican mayor of Detroit during the years 1889–1897 and he was the 24th Governor of the US state of Michigan for 1897-1901.

Hazen Stuart Pingree

1889

Hazen was born in august 30, 1840 and he died injune 18, 1901 was a four term republican mayor of detroit during the years 1889–1897 and he was the 24th Governor of the US state of Michigan for 1897-1901.

Rise of Progressive movement

1890 - 1920

Aimed to restore the economic opportunities and correct injustice in American life. Since the reformers couldn't complete agreeing on their problems or solutions, each one of their progressive efforts shared only one of the following goals:

-protecting social welfare
-promoting moral improvement
-creating economic reform
-fostering efficiency

John Muir

1890

John Muir was born in April 21,1838 and died i December 24,1914. He was a Scottish born american.He was an author and an early advocate of preservation of wilderness in the uinited states.

Sherman Antitrust Act of 1902

1890

The Sherman Antitrust Act is a landmark federal statue on the united states competition law passed by congress in 1890.It prohibits certain business activities that federal government regulators deem to be anticompetitive,and requires the federal government to investigate and pursue trusts,companies,and organizations suspected of being in violation.

Florence Kelly

1899

Florence Kelley was born in September 12, 1859.And died in February 17, 1932.She was an American social and political reformer,she was a worker against sweatshops and for the minimum wage, eight-hour work days and children’s rights is widely regarded today. Its founding in 1899, Kelley served as the first general secretary of the National Consumers League. In 1909 Kelley helped create the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).

Northern Securities Company

1901

The northern securities company was an important united states railroad trust formed in 1901 by E. H. Harriman, James J. Hill, J.P. Morgan, J.D. Rockefeller, and their associates.They also controlled many more companies.

Coal Strike of 1902

1902

The coal strike of the 1902 was a strike by the united mine workers of America in the anthracite coal fields of eastern Pennsylvania.Miners were o strike asking for higher wages,shorter workdays and recognition of their union.

Elkins act

1903

The Elkins Act is at 1903 united states federal law that amended the interstate commerce act of 1887.

Square deal

1904

The Square Deal was President Theodore Roosevelt’s domestic program formed upon three basic ideas: conservation of natural resources, control of corporations, and consumer protection.These three demands are often referred to as the “three C’s” of Roosevelt’s Square Deal. Though, it aimed at helping middle class citizens and involved attacking plutocracy and bad trusts while at the same time protecting business from the most extreme demands of organized labor. In contrast to his predecessor William McKinley, Roosevelt was a Republican who believed in government action to mitigate social evils, and as president denounced “the representatives of predatory wealth” as guilty of “all forms of iniquity from the oppression of wage workers to defrauding the public.

Upton Beall Sinclair.

1906

Sinclair was born in September 20,1878 and he died in November 25,1968.He was an American author and only one time candidate for governors of California who wrote close to one hundred books in many genres.

Pure Food and Drug Act

1906

The pure food and drug act was in 1906 and it was a piece of progressive era legislation,signed by president Theodore Roosevelt on the same day as the Federal Meat Inspection Act was signed

The Jungle

1906

The jungle was influential and persuaded America about the supposed horror of the Chicago union stock yards, a giant complex of meat processing that developed in the 1870’s.

Upton Beall Sinclair

1906

Sinclair was born in September 20,1878 and he died in November 25,1968.He was an American author and only one time candidate for governor of California who wrote close to one hundred books in many genres.

Federal Meat Inspection Act

1906

The Federal Inspection Act(FMIA) started in 1906.Its a united states congress act that works to prevent adulterated or misbranched meat and meat products from being sold as food and ensure that meat and meat products are slaughtered and processed under sanitary conditions.

History of the Standard Oil Company

1911

The History of the Standard Oil Company was credited with hastening the breakup of Standard Oil, which started like about in 1911

16 Amendment

1913

The 16 amendment is part of the United States Constitution allows the congress to levy an income tax without apportioning it among the states or basing it on Census results.

Carrie Chapman Catt

1920

Catt was born in January 9,1859,and she was a women’s suffrage leader who campainged for the 19th amendment to the US Constitution which gave the US women the right to vote 1920.Catt served as President of theNational American Women Suffrage Association and was thre founder of the league of Women Voters and the International Allisance of women.

President Franklin D. Roosevelt

1932

President Roosevelt was born in January 30,1882 and died April 12,1945.He was the 32nd president of the united states through 1933 and 1945.And a central figure in world events during the mid-20 century

Politics of the Roaring '20's

Coal Miner's Strike

1890 - 1919

Unionism was more outstanding in Americas coalfields. The united mine workers got a new leader named John L. Lewis. In protest in long workdays and low wages, Lewis called in his union members out on strike. Then Attornet General Palmer obtained a count order sending the miners to go back to work, but then Lewis declared it over, but then he gave the word for it to continue.

Industrial Workers of the World (IWW)

1905

-its an international industrial union
-Their nickname Wobblies is uncertain.
-it was founded in Chicago in June 1905 in a convention of two hundred socialists, anarchists, and radical trade unionists from all over the U.S.

Communism and "the Red Scare"

1919 - 1930

it is a communist party that was formed in the united states with seventy-thousand radicals that joined, including some of the industrial workers of the world (IWW).

Rise of Nativism

1919 - 1930

its a prejudice against foreign-born people, swept the nation

Palmer Raids

1919

they were the attempts by the united states department of justice to arrest and deport the radical leftists, including the anarchists in the united states. there were 500 foreign citizens deported including the numbers of prominent radical leftists

Steel Mill Strike

1919
  • workers in the steel mill wanted the right to negotiate for shorter working hours and a living wage. -the U.S. steel corporation refused to meet with union representatives. -300,000 workers walked off their jobs. -Steel companies hired strikebreaker employees who accept to agree to work during the strike.
  • the strike workers were beaten by police men, federal troops, and state military

J. Edgar Hoover

1919

He was the first Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) of the United States.

Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer

1919 - 1921

He was directed to the controversial Palmer Raids.

Immigration Quotas

1919 - 1921

-Number of immigrants grew 600% from 141,000 to 850,000 people.
-Congress has a response to nativist pressure, they decided to limit the immigration from certain countries, the ones in south and Easter Europe.

Sacco & Vanzetti

1920

They where the two most famous victims, they where both Italian immigrants and anarchists, they had both evaded the plan during the first world war. In may they were both arrested by robbery and murder of a factory paymaster.

Management and Union Clashes: Boston Police Strike

1920

-Boston police men never got a raise since the beginning of the first world war.
-when the representatives got a raise and got fired, the remaining police men were on strike.
-when the strike ended but the members didn't get their jobs back because new police men were hired.