APUSH Chapter 32

Economic

Fordney-McCumber Tariff Law

1/1/1922 - 1/2/1922

A comprehensive bill passed to protect domestic production from foreign competitors. As a direct result, many European nations were spurred to increase their own trade barriers.

Adjusted Compensation Act

1/1/1924 - 1/2/1924

Dawes Plan

1/1/1924 - 1/2/1924

An arrangement negotiated in 1924 to reschedule German reparations payments. It stabilized the German currency and opened the way for further American private loans to Germany.

Agricultural Marketing Act sets up Federal Farm Board

1/1/1929 - 1/2/1929

This act established the Federal Farm Board, a lending bureau for hard-pressed farmers. The act also aimed to help farmers help themselves through new producers' cooperatives. As the depression worsened in 1930, the Board tried to bolster falling prices by buying up surpluses, but it was unable to cope with the flood of farm produce to market.

Stock Market Crash

10/29/1929 - 10/30/1929

The dark, panicky day of October 29, 1929 when over 16,410,000 shares of stock were sold on Wall Street. It was a trigger that helped bring on the Great Depression.

Hawley-Smoot Tariff

1/1/1930 - 1/2/1930

The highest protective tariff in the peacetime history of the United States, passed as a result of good old-fashioned horse trading. To the outside world, it smacked of ugly economic warfare.

RFC Established

1/1/1932 - 1/2/1932

A government lending agency established under the Hoover administration in order to assist insurance companies, banks, agricultural organizations, railroads, and local governments. It was a precursor to later agencies that grew out of the New Deal and symbolized a recognition by the Republicans that some federal action was required to address the Great Depression.

Military/Diplomacy

Merchant Marine Act

1/1/1920 - 1/2/1920

Verterans Bureau Created

1/1/1921 - 1/2/1921

Five-Power Naval Treaty Signed

1/1/1922 - 1/2/1922

Four-Power and Nine-Power Treaties on the Far East

1/1/1922 - 1/2/1922

Agreement coming out of the Washington "Disarmament" Conference of 1921-1922 that pledged Britain, France, Italy, Japan, the United States, China, the Netherlands, Portugal, and Belgium to abide by the Open Door Policy in China. The Five-Power Naval Treaty on ship ratios and the Four-Power Treaty to preserve the status quo in the Pacific also came out of the conference.

U.S. Troops Leave Dominican Republic

1/1/1924 - 1/2/1924

U.S. Troops Occupy Nicaragua

1/1/1926 - 1/2/1926

Kellogg-Briand Pact

1/1/1928 - 1/2/1928

A sentimental triumph of the 1920s peace movement, this 1928 pact linked sixty-two nations in the supposed "outlawry of war".

Japan Invades Manchuria

1/1/1931 - 1/2/1931

Bonus Army Dispersed from D.C.

1/1/1932 - 1/2/1932

Officially known as the Bonus Expeditionary Force (BEF), this rag-tag group of 20,000 veterans marched on Washington to demand immediate payment of bonuses earned during World War I. General Douglas MacArthur dispersed them with tear gas and bayonets

Domestic

Chicago Race Riot

1/1/1919 - 1/2/1919

American Legion Founded

1/1/1919 - 1/2/1919

Esch-Cummins Transportation Act

1/1/1920 - 1/2/1920

Capper-Volstead Act

1/1/1921 - 1/2/1921

Adkins v. Children's Hospital

1/1/1923 - 1/2/1923

A landmark Supreme Court decision reversing the ruling in Muller v. Oregan, which had declared women to be deserving of special protection in the workplace.

Norris-La Guardia Anti-Injunction Act

1/1/1932 - 1/2/1932

This law that banned "yellow-dog," or anti-union, work contracts and forbade federal courts from issuing injunctions to quash strikes and boycotts. It was an early piece of labor-friendly federal legislation.

Politcial

Political

Harding Dies, Coolidge Takes Office

1/1/1923 - 1/2/1923

Teapot Dome Scandal

1/1/1923 - 1/2/1923

A tawdry affair involving the illegal lease of priceless naval oil reserves in Teapot Dome, Wyoming and Elk Hills, California. The scandal, which implicated President Harding's Secretary of the Interior, was one of several that gave his administration a reputation for corruption.

Coolidge Wins 3-Way Election

1/1/1924 - 1/2/1924

McNary-Haugen Bill

1924 - 1928

A farm-relief bill that was championed throughout the 1920s and aimed to keep agricultural prices high by authorizing the government to buy up surpluses and sell them abroad. Congress twice passed the bill, but President Calvin Coolidge vetoed it in 1927 and 1928.

Hoover Beats Smith, Wins Reelection

1/1/1928 - 1/2/1928

Hoover Makes Goodwill Tour of Latin America

1/1/1928 - 1/2/1928