WW1 Vocabulary

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Pan-slavism

1848 - 1920

Sense of unity among slavs, who wanted more rights and to be heard more. They were tired of being trampled on by all the bigger countries and nations.

Schlieffen Plan

1900

The plan to attack and defeat France quickly if Germany's help was needed to back a treaty.

Dreadnought

1906

The first of the new age of battleships used by Great Britain. It was massive in size.

Krupp

1906

Family, man, and business. This business made steel and the first u-boat for Germany in 1906.

Triple Entente

1907

Alliance between France, Britain, and Russia

Bosnian Crisis

1908 - 1909

Austria-Hungary annexes Bosnia, which was manily inhabited by Serbs. The Serb's complaintswere ignored and they became increasngly frustrated with the situation.

First Balkan War

October 1912 - May 1913

The Balkan league fought the Ottoman Empire and won, gaining back several of their territories. The country if Albania was created as a result.

Second Balkan War

1913

Bulgaria was not satisfied with their shre of the spoils from the first Balkan war, so they turned on Greece and Serbia.

League of Nations

1914 - 1920

It was an international organization created to keep wars like WW1 from occurring. It was Woodrow Wilson's idea, but the United States Congress didn't approve U.S. participation. The league of nations criticized the U.S. for their lack of involvement.

U-boats

1914 - 1917

The Germans developed a U-boat, or a submarine that was extremely useful during WW1. They could sneak up on ships without being detected and sink them. The waters of the Atlantic became unsafe for trading.

"No Man's Land"

1914 - 1917

The land inbetween the trenches. They were littered with dead bodies and stray bombs. They were very dangerous because of the lack of protection.

General Erich Ludendorff

1914

The victor of Leige and the battle of tannenberg for Germany.

Serbia

1914

Serbia was a small country that was not happy to be ruked by Austria-Hungary. In 1914 a Serbian nationalist assassinated the archduke of Austria-Hungary, which is considered to be the start of world war one.

General Joseph Joffre

1914

The general fro France during the beginning of WW1.l He was key in the defeat of the Germans at First Battle of the Marne.

Archduke Franz Ferdinand

June 28, 1914

The heir to the throne of Austri-Hungary who was assassinated with his wife by a Serbian nationalist on a visit to Sarajevo.

Gavrilo Princep

June 28, 1914

He was a member of the Serbian nationalistic party, the black hand. He is responsible for the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand.

German "blank check"

July 5, 1914

Kaiser Wilhelm II says that he unconditionally supports Austria-Hungary in their war efforts.

General Henri-Philippe Pétain

August 1914

French army commander who was successful in the Battle of Verdun.

Treaty of London [1915]

1915

Secret pact between the Triple Entente and Italy, which secretly brought Italy on their side.

Battle of Gallipoli

February 1915

The French and British tried to invade Turkey, but were defeated. Both sides suffered major losses.

Lusitania

May 1, 1915

The Lusitania was a British ship that was transporting some goods and people across the Atlantic Ocean. It was sunk by a German u-boat because they claimed that the ship was carrying weapons. About 100 Americans drowned in the incident. It was one of the causes for American involvement in WW1.

General Helmuth von Moltke

1916

He was the leader of Germany/Prussia before Kaiser Wilhelm II took power in 1916. He was famous for his Schlieffen Plan.

T. E. Lawrence

1916 - 1918

He is also known as Lawrence of Arabia and fought with the Arabic people who had revolted against the Ottoman Turks.

Battle of Verdun

1916

The longest battle of WW1 fought between the French and Germans. The Germans laid seige to the French fort at Verdun.

General Paul von Hindenburg

1916

Chief of the German Staff fro WW1.

Battle of Jutland

May 31, 1916 - June 1, 1916

The only major naval battle of WW1 between the British and the Germans. The British suffered an embarrassing defeat.

Battle of Somme

July 1, 1916

The largest defeat of the British in WW1. It was extremely bloody.

Zimmermann Telegram

January 19, 1917

Telegram sent from Germany to Mexico promising lands taken from Mexico would be returned if they fought for Germany and attacked the United States. It was a cause of American involvement in WW1.

Balfour Declaration

November 2, 1917

A statement made by Great Britain that they favored the establishment of a Jewish nation and home.

Sudetenland

1918

The area of land that became Czechoslovakia. It was where a lot of slavaks, czechs, and Germans went to live after WW1.

Fourteen Points

January 18, 1918

A plan drawn up by President Woodrow Wilson on how to deal with Germany. It was somewhat forgiving and unpopular with the rest of the allies.

General Ferdinand Foch

April, 1918

French commander victorious in the battle of the Marne.

Battle of the Argonne

September 26, 1918 - November 11, 1918

The last and largest battle of WW1 in which the allies were victorious.

Prince Max of Baden

October 1918

He was a German prince who was the Chancellor of Germany at the end of WW1. He helped Germany become parliamentary.

November 11, 1918, 11 am

November 11, 1918

The armistice with Germany. It was the official defeat of Germany. It is now celebrated in the United States as Veterans Day.

Article 231

January 1919

The war guilt clause. This basically blamed all of WW1 on Germany and Germany had sign that they acknowledged the war was their fault. It was pretty unfair to Germany.

Danzig

1919

It was a port city that was taken from the Germans and given to the Polish.

Polish Corridor

1919

It was a strip of land that gave the newly formed Poland access to the sea.

Georges Clemenceau

January 1919

The leader of Italy and a member of the big four.

Georges Clemenceau

January 1919

The leader of France and a member of the big four.

"Big Four"

January 1919

They were the leaders of Great Britain, Italy, France, and the United States. The were Lloyd George, Vittorio, Clemenceau, and Wilson.

Rhineland

1919

The area between Germany and the Rhine river. It was to be occupied by allied forces to keep the Germans in check.

Paris Peace Conference

January 1919

The meeting where the allies decided what to do with the losers of the war. Germany was a scapegoat.