Abraham Lincoln had very little formal education living on the frontier in Illinois. He used his time wisely, reading books when he was not on his father farm, to strengthen his knowledge. He went through tough trials during his childhood from being bullied because of his intelligence. Lincolns family traveled all over in hope of better health and financial aide.
Years later after serving in the Black Hawk War, he went to study law and become a lawyer. He had many attempts at a seat on the Illinois State Legislature; finally elected. He meets his wife Mary Todd and her four children one day at school in Springfield. They also faced many trials and tribulations throughout the years.
Lincoln joined the Republican party and the ongoing argument on sectionalism. Siding with anti-slavery and going with the Kansas-Nebraska act pushed southerns off his side.
On November 6, 1860, Lincoln won the presidential election without the support of a single Southern state. The election was not the PRIMARY cause of the Civil War, but it was one of the MAJOR. Instead of easily letting the southern stated secede, Lincoln put up a fight. His first inaugural address was an appeal to the rebellious states, seven of which had already seceded, to rejoin the nation.
The Civil War with the opening bombardment of Fort Sumter, South Carolina, on April 12, 1861. The civil war had begun and Lincoln had to make some hard decisions.
It was not until January 1, 1863, after the Union victory at the Battle of Antietam, that he issued his Emancipation Proclamation. This document was legally based on the President’s right to seize the property of those in rebellion against the State. IT only freed slaves in the southern states; Lincoln had no control there. The Emancipation Proclamation changed the war, making it in a Northern perspective; a fight both to preserve the Union and to end slavery. Abraham Lincoln ran again in the next race for President. He thought he had no chance since the war was still in effect. When he won he gave the speech at his inaugural. His one goal, he said, was “lasting peace among ourselves.” He called for “malice towards none” and “charity for all.” The war ended only a month later.
~~~The Revenue Act of 1862 established the United States' first income tax, largely to pay the costs of total war.The Morrill Act of 1862 established the basis of the state university system in this country, while the Homestead Act, also passed in 1862, encouraged settlement of the West by offering 160 acres of free land to settlers. He also started Thanksgiving and the department of agriculture. In another spill-over from the war, Lincoln restricted the civil liberties of due process and freedom of the press.
Lincolns Gettysburg Address was given on Nov 19,1863, at the dedication of the Soldiers' National Cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, four and a half months after the Union armies defeated those of the Confederacy at the Battle of Gettysburg. This speech took a huge affect on people in just a little over two minutes. The Address was referred to the Declaration of Independence. The five known manuscripts of the Gettysburg Address differ in a number of details and also differ from contemporary newspaper reprints of the speech.
~On April 14, 1865, while attending a play at Ford’s Theater in Washington, D.C., Abraham Lincoln was shot by Confederate sympathizer, John Wilkes Booth. His assassination was a bigger part of a plot to over throw the North union! Lincoln died the following day.