China was a mess as Mao Zedong came to power. to begin with Mao did a good job of cleaning up china, this began with the rise of the communist party.
One of chairman Maus first actions as he came to power was to sign a defence treaty with the USSR. he looked up to russia and used their system as a role model for what he wanted china to be.
Mao Zedong passed the Marriage law in 1950. it provided legal registration for marriage and also raised the age of marriage to 20 for men and 18 for women.
Mau signed the treaty with the USSR, this treaty was called the `Treaty of friendship, alliance and mutual assistance treaty'
This event marks the beginning of the korean war. the korean war was a war held between the communists (china and north korea) and the democratic (South Korea and the US). This was escalated into violence as the 38th parallel is known to be the border in korea. about 3 weeks later the north Korean forces officially invaded south korea which of course got the US pretty angry.
Fanshen unfolds across China. This is otherwise known as the land reform law which implemented that landlords no longer owned any land and from then on all the land belonged to the state. peasants were then urged to kill all of their landlords as they were believed to be class enemies. More land was given to peasants and they were expected to submit more produce to the state. This is what Mao believed would help bring china up the ladder economically but actually it lead to starvation as there was nothing for peasants to eat.
The UN joined the war and drove the North Korean forces back across the 38th parallel almost across the yuan river. at this point the Peoples Republic of China joined the war on North Koreas side.
The Chinese joined and drove the South Koreans back behind the 38th parallel. Meanwhile the USSR remained out of the conflict but was still providing material to the North Koreans and the Chinese.
This was the first action taken to launch the Peoples Republic of China. it was basically an attempt to eliminate counter-revolutionaries and class enemies from society. anybody who undermined, disagreed with or was more powerful than the communist party was seen as a huge threat and usually either shot on site or publicly humiliated.
Tibet has designated an autonomous region in the Peoples Republic of china.
UN condemns China as an Agressor in the Korean war. this was the first time since the UN formed that a country had been `labelled' as aggressive.
san fan-wu san. this was an attempt by chairman Mao to rid all Chinese cities of `enemies of the state'. He targeted particular people including capitalists, especially wealthy capitalists.
The state council or the state planning commission is the highest organ of the state and have absolute authority over all of china and what happens throughout china. Gao Gang appointed this Commission.
The 5 year plans were appointed by chairman Mao and were modelled on the USSR. These five year plans were five year periods that attempted to bring China to economical forefront. Targeted areas of economical development included grain, agriculture etc... This was one of the movements that brought communism into place as in these five year plans the USSR model of the state owning everything were put into place.
The death of stalin would have affected chairman mau as his hole philosophy was pretty much copied off stalin.
The guns fell silent on the 27th of july 1953. An armistice was agreed between north and south korea. to this day there is a big demilitarised zone between North and South which acts as a buffer to prevent conflict. there are many small incidents to this day but nothing so major as a war.
The Chinese government sought to seek surplus from the peasants in the country side. leaving these peasants in the market was thought to be slow and this was thought to be the solution. this was part of bringing china to economic forefront which meant extracting absolutely maximum grain, agriculture and generally anything that china exported from the peasants. this was thought to be quicker and to make more money for china.
This is known as the Gang affair. Gao Gang attempted to overthrow the leaders of the state commission. he thought he had maus support along with many other people but as it turns out after he had attempted to overthrow the leaders of the communist party he was told by mau that his actions were out of place. this lead into accusations against Gao Gang, he soon committed suicide.
Mao gave a speech on agricultural co-operation and stated that it was quicker and more efficient to collect resources from peasants. it was making more money for china and increasing the economy. to quote Mao "Little leap forward or high tide begins".
This was a campaign that urged people to criticise the communist regine. After people had done so mau decided that these people were to be punished for speaking their minds even though they were told to.
Zhou Enlai gives speech on the question of intellectuals. all party members were urged to learn knowledge of modern day science and technology and catch up with non-part intellectuals and the rest of the world.
There were 8 of these rallies to celebrate state ownership of industries. people involved were party officials and Mao himself to celebrate in Beijing.
the plan of agricultural co-operation came into place finally. this resulted in starvation as peasant were having to give all of their food away to the state.
Mau encouraged all farmers to make small farms called cooperatives. They could now afford to raie more animals and were getting more money.
after all the pesants all joined they could keep some grain and the rest went to the state for very low prices.
people complained that nomatter how much you grew they had to give it to the state.
People were making steel that was useless.
By 1979 the party noticed that things were going badly wrong.
In july 1978 the party met to discuss new ways to do things, new plans.
Mau had demanded too much grain from the peasants, this created a famine that lasted 3 years, an estimated 30,000,000 people. No one ever blamed mau for the famine so that they wouldn't be executed.
China has cut all relations with the USSR allowing them to attack vietnam.
This was a book full of Maos communism quotes.
Red guards were people who were sent out into the country to gain revolutionary experience. these people often moved through villages and towns and reeked havoc destroying anything that they believed to be a western influence.
• Mao began the Cultural Revolution by urging young people to attack and replace party officials.
• Mau dispatched red guards through the country to gain revolutionary experience they chose to walk the whole country.
• Mau encouraged red guards to attack and destruct western influences because he believed that socialism could not exist. They looted homes and pretty much robbed and caused havoc throughout china.
• In 1967 the Cultural Revolution entered a new stage. Young people students formed they’re own group and made they’re own red guards.
• Mau immediately supported these rebels as they were overthrowing authority figures. These rebels were supplied with guns.
• Mau had lost control of the country; he described 1967 as full-blown chaos and civil war.
• People were up scaling Mao
s fame to the point where they made a loyalty dance, everyone in the country performed this dance twice a day.s wife and that he should divorce her for this.
• Everybody blamed all the chaos of the Cultural Revolution on chiau chuing, Mao
Agriculture, national defence industry, science and technology. these areas were all modernised in china as to try and catch up with what the rest of the world was doing, especially science and technology as there wasn't a lot of that going on through the famines brought on by chairman Mao
after long sickness Mao died. As his funeral proceeded everybody in china simply stood still and did not show any facial expression. even crying Zedong g was forbidden not to mention happiness.
The Gang of four were accused of many crimes throughout Maos reign. but after his death they attempted to seize power. soon after they were accused and arrested.