Chapter 24 and 25 timeline

War

World War II

1939 - 1945

Germany

Hitler joins/establishes Nazi Party

1919

Nazi's become dominant political power

1932

Hitler becomes Chancellor

January 1933

dismantles Democratic Weimar Republic and establishes the Third Reich

Hitler pulls Germany out of the League of Nations

1933

Removal of Aryans from government positions

April 7, 1933

one of the first moves in a campaign for racial purity that eventually led to the Holocaust

German military buildup

1935

violation of the Treaty of Versailles

Hitler met secretly with top military advisors

november 5, 1937

says germany needs the lands of its neighbors

German troops march into Austria unopposed

march 12, 1938

Most Austrian's wanted it to happen

Munich agreement

september 30, 1938

Turned the Sudetenland over to Germany without a single shot being fired.

Kristallnacht

November 9, 1938 - November 10, 1938

Nazi storm troopers attacked Jewish homes, businesses, and synagogues across Germany.

quarter of a million jews remain in Germany

1939

"Final Solution"--policy of genocide, which is the deliberate and systematic killing of an entire population

"german mistreatment" in poland

1939

Hitler says that Germans in poland were mistreated by the poles and needed his protection

German invasion of Czechoslovakia

March 15, 1939

Non agression pact between germany and soviet union

August 23, 1939

committed never to attack each other

Invasion of Poland

September 1, 1939

German air force roared over Poland, raining bombs on military bases, airfield, railroads, and cities. At the same time German tanks roared across the Polish countryside spreading terror and confusion --- BLITZKRIEG

German invasion fleet

1940

along french coast; couldn't compete with British navy so also launched air raid at the same time

Surprise attack of Denmark and Norway

April 9, 1940

planned to build bases along the coasts to strike at Great Britain

Tripartite Pact

September 27, 1940

Germany, Italy, and Japan sign a mutual defense treaty and became known as the Axis Powers.

First concentration camp opens

1941

Chelmno

Hitler Breaks agreement

June 1941

Hitler invades soviet union, breaking the agreement made in 1939

Germans took offense in southern Soviet Union

1942

Germans approach Stalingrad

August 1942

German commander surrenders Stalingrad

January 31, 1943

St. Lo

July 25, 1944

General Omar Bradley unleashed massive air and land bombardment against the enemy at St. Lo, providing a gp in the German line of defense through which General George Patton and his Third Army could advance

Germans break through weak american defenses

December 16, 1944

under coverage of dense fog

Nuremberg Trials

1945 - 1949

Trials against Hitlers high positioned officers on crimes against humanity

Hitler kills himself

April 29, 1945 - April 30, 1945

Blamed Jews for starting the war and his generals for losing it

Soviet Union

Stalin comes to power

January 21, 1924

"five year plan" intro

1928

placed economic activity under state management

Soviet union moves into Finland

1939

Non-Agression Pact Between Germany and Soviet Union

1939

committed never to attack each other

Totalitarian Government established by Stalin

1939

Soviet Army stormed Berlin

April 25, 1945

Italy

Fascist Italy

1921

Mussolini establishes the Fascist Party

March on Rome

October 1922

Mussolini marched on Rome with thousands of his followers - black shirts.

Italy invades Ethiopia

1935 - 1936

Tripartite Pact

September 27, 1940

Germany, Italy, and Japan all sign a defense treaty and become known as the Axis Powers

Mussolini replaced/arrested

July 25, 1943

King Victor Emmanuel II

Anzio

January 1944 - may 1944

40 miles from rome, battle between Germans and Allied forces

Japan

Manchuria

1931

Japanese launch surprise attack and seized control of the Chinese province of Manchuria

Invasion of China

July 1937

Hideki Tojo, chief of staff of Japan's Kwantung Army, launched the invasion into china

Japanese take Indochina

1941

Tojo orders Japanese navy to prepare for attack on US

November 5, 1941

Bombing of Pearl Harbor

December 7, 1941

Japanese air raid on US naval base. US lucky that some of their aircraft carriers were not docked at the time

Iwo Jima

February 19, 1945 - March 26, 1945

Okinawa

April 1, 1945 - June 22, 1945

Hiroshima atomic bomb

August 6, 1945

code-name Little Boy

Nagasaki atomic bomb

August 9, 1945

code-name Fat Man

Formal surrender cerimonies

September 2, 1945

Take place on US battleship missouri in Tokyo Bay

United States

Reciprocal Trade Agreement act pushed through congress

1934

series of neutrality acts passed

1935

Neutrality act of 1939

1939

cash-and-carry goes into effect

weekly pay rises 10%

1939 - 1945

"Cash-and-carry"

September 1939

FDR persuaded congress to pass provision that allowed warring nations to buy US arms as long as they paid cash and transported them in their own ships.

Selective Training and Service Act

1940

African-American semiskilled job increase

1940 - 1944

African Americans working in skilled or semiskilled jobs rose from 16% to 30%

Office of Scientific Research and Development (OSRD)

1941

brings scientists into the war effort

more than a million americans relocate to CA

1941 - 1944

Congress passed lend-lease act

March 1941

US would lend or lease arms and other supplies to "any country whose defense was vital to the united states"

March on washington

July 1, 1941

A. Phillip Randolph leads march under banner, "we loyal colored americans demand the right to work and fight for our country."

Retaliation to U-Boats

September 1941

FDR granted the navy permission to attack German U-Boats in self defense.

Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) Founded

1942

Civil rights leader James Farmer

End of automobile production for private use

February 1942

Douglas Macarthur leaves the phillipines

March 11, 1942

Daring invasion of Tokyo and other Japanese cities

April 18, 1942

US stops japanese drive towards Australia

May 1942

five day battle of the coral sea

Women's Auxillary Army Corps becomes law

May 15, 1942

ives the WAACs and official status and salary but few of benefits granted to male soldiers.

Scout planes find japanese fleet

June 3, 1942

Americans send torpedo planes and dive bombers to attack; caught with planes on the decks of three aircraft carriers

Tidal wave of racial violence

1943

nearly 18 million workers in labor industry

1944

Unemployment drops to low 1.2%

1944

As defense industries boomed

Americans captured first German town

October 1944

Aachen

FDR dies

April 12, 1945

stroke while posing for a picture

First atomic bomb test

July 16, 1945

Truman orders the dropping of 2 atomic bombs

July 25, 1945

Allied Forces

France Falls Summer 1940

1940

Winston Churchill and FDR meet at white house

December 22, 1941

war plans

fist allied offensive began when 19000 troops stormed Guadicanal

August 1942

solomon islands

Allied troops landed in Casablanca, Oran, and Algies

November 1942

107,000 soldiers

Allie victories on land as well as sea

1943

D-Day

June 6, 1944 - June 13, 1944

3 divisions parachuted behind enemy lines while thousands upon thousands of sea-born soldiers stormed the beaches.

Patton and Third Army reach the Seine River

August 23, 1944

Liberated France 4 days later

Allies freed France, Belgium, and Luxembourg

September 1944

738 ships converged on Leyte Island in Phillipines

October 1944

V-E Day

May 8, 1945

Victory in Europe day

Spain

Rebellion against spanish Republic

1936

group of spanish army officers led by General Francisco Franco rebel