AP US History 1865-1900

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The Knights of Labor

1865 - 1900

This party wanted rights for workers; believed in eight hours of work, eight hours of rest, and eight hours do with what they please.

Black Codes

1865 - 1877

These post-war laws in the South were aimed at keeping blacks inferior and in submission by restricting their rights.

Social Darwinism

1865 - 1900

This principle formed by Charles Darwin detailed "survival of the fittest". It explains that the wealthy are wealthy because they were born that way and that over time, we adapt to survive.

Lost Cause

1865 - 1877

The South believes they lost the war because of their limited resources, therefore continuing their views on succession and not making amends with the North.

Sharecropping

1865 - 1877

This labor system made blacks subservient to their white creditors; they had to work to live on the land.

Battle at Appomattox

1865

The Confederate surrender to the Union troops, ending the Civil War.

Fall of Richmond

1865

The capital of the Confederacy at Richmond was burned and destroyed.

Andrew Johnson

1865

He served as president after Lincold; made own reconstruction plan.

Klu Klux Klan

1866

They were a paramilitary, southern organization focused on white supremacy.

14th Amendment

1866

It stated that all American citizens have full and equal benefit under the law.

Johnson's Swing Around the Circle

1867

Johnson gave a series of passionate speeches against the radicals and rallying for the support of Congress.

Johnson Impeached

1868

Johnson was impeached for violating the Tenure of Office Act.

Standard Oil Company

1870

Standard Oil Company is formed by John D. Rockefeller.

Credit Mobilier Affair

1872

Rail companies bribed members of Congress with reducates prices of Union Pacific stocks.

Salughterhouse Cases

1873

State-sanctioned monopolies in LA slaughterhouses violated the 14th Amendment.

Panic of 1873

1873

In the West, overspeculation leads to the closing of many banks.

WCTU

1874

The Women's Christians Temperance Union; sought to restrict alcohol consumption.

Force Acts

1875

The US sent troops to South Carolina to stop paramilitary groups.

Belknap Scandal

1876

He resigned from his position after being exposed for taking bribes.

Battle of Little Bighorn

1876

Native Americans defeated General Custer and his US calvary.

Compromise of 1877

1877

Rutherfor B. Hayes wins the election by removing troops in the South and building them a railroad.

Whiskey Rebellion

1878

Farmers rebelled against the high excise tax on whiskey.

Salvation Army

1879

The Salvation Army is established to help the poor; gave away soup.

Tuskeegee Institute

1881

This school founded by Booker T Washington was among the first colleges for African-Americans.

Chinese Exclusion Acts

1882

Excluded Chinese immigrants from coming into the US.

US vs. Singleton

1883

A black man was denied from entering a NYC opera because of his race.

Interstate Commerce Commission Act

1887

Stopped rebates and pooling, made it necessary for rates to be published, and established the ICC.

"Looking Backward"

1888

Written by Edward Bellamy, this novel focused on a utopian society.

Gospel of Wealth

1889

Written by Andrew Carnegie in an article, this principle describes that the wealthy people of the nation are the 'trustees' that should manage the nation's money.

Anti-Imperialists

1890 - 1900

Figures such as Carnegie, Mark Twain, and university presidents voiced their disagreements with imperialism.

Insular Cases

1890 - 1900

Ruled that citizens of the Philippines are subject to US rule but are not guaranteed the same rights.

Sherman Silver Purchase Act

1890

To halt inflation, the federal government agrees to buy certain amounts of silver.

Sherman Anti-Trust Act

1890

This act was created to protect consumers and stop trusts(limited effectiveness).

Pullman Car Strike

1892

Railcar company strikes, Eugene Debs is jailed.

Homestead Strike

1894

Workers of the steel company went on strike because they could not afford the cost of living in their town.

Coxey's Army

1894

A group of unemployed workers marched to DC to demand legislative changes for Americans without jobs.

Plessy vs. Ferguson

1896

This Supreme Court case declared schools "separate but equal"; segregation was lawful.

Open Door Policy

1899

China became a hotspot for European powers as they created their spheres of influence.

Boxer Rebellion

1900

Chinese nationalists rebelled against the foreigners and Christian missionaries, attacked.