Christine Jorgensen undergoes her gender confirmation surgery in Denmark, she started taking hormones in 1950 but underwent surgery in 1952. Jorgensen "the first transsexual in the United States to publicly announce her change of sexual identity". She dies in 1989 due to complications of cancer.
Shortly after Harry Benjamin published The Transsexual Phenomenon, Johns Hopkins opens a gender identity clinic "to diagnose and treat transsexual individuals and to conduct research related to transsexuality." Over the course of the next 10 years "more than forty university-affiliated gender clinics existed throughout the United States."
The Harry Benjamin International Gender Dysphoria Association was established in 1978. It was named after Harry Benjamin, who was considered to be a "pioneer scholar and researcher on transsexualism." The association was established 'to foster communication among professionals that were involved in the treatment and research of gender identity disorders."
First issue of the Standard of Care for Gender Identity Disorders
The first version of the Standard of Care for Gender Identity Disorders is issued. These guidelines were made to help professionals in how to treat people with gender identity disorders. This consensus is still published today and is constantly changing as new research is produced.
In the DSM-III gender identity disorder was introduced as a "disparity between anatomical sex and gender identity". This was broken into three categories "transsexualism, nontranssexualism, and not otherwise specified" this lasted until 2013 when DSM-5 came out. Within DSM-5 the name gender identity disorder is changed to gender dysphoria, and the change was to "include only a medical designation of people who have suffered due to the gender disparity, thereby respecting the concept of transgender in accepting the diversity of the role of gender"
Julie Hesmondhalgh played trans character Hayley Cropper on hit soap opera Coronation Street. Although Julie herself is not trans, this was a huge stepping stone towards more trans characters being portrayed on television.
The Harry Benjamin International Gender Dysphoria Association is renamed The World Professional Association for Transgender Health. The reason for the name change was "to eliminate the term 'gender dysphoria' and to put an emphasis on overall health and well-being instead of illness"
WHO removes gender identity disorder as a mental illness
2018 - 2019
The World Health Organization approved the removal of gender identity disorder from the International Classifications of Diseases (ICD). They have changed gender identity disorder to gender incongruence which is better known as gender dysphoria. Gender incongruence is now under the chapter of sexual health within the ICD instead of the mental health chapter.