US History 1865-1900

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Ku Klux Klan Founded

1866

The Klu Klux Klan was a paramilitary group in the Southern U.S. states that were extremely racist towards African Americans

Nat'l Labor Union is Organized

1866

ASPCA is created

1866

14th Amendment is passed

1866

The 14th Amendment states that all U.S. citizens have full and equal benefit to the law.

Reconstruction Act

1867

Included splitting the south into 5 military zones and requiring the state to pass the 14th amendment prior to readmittance

Tenure of Office Act

1867

A president could not fire certain members of his cabinet without the approval of the Senate

Johnson impeached

1868

President Johnson is impeached for violating the Office of Tenure Act

Grant defeats Seymour for the presidency

1868

15th Amendment ratified

1868

allows black men to vote by stating that "the right of the US citizens to vote shall not be denied"

Knights of Labor organized

1869

The knights of labor were different in that they accepted all skilled and unskilled workers

Transcontinental RR is completed in Utah

1869

Force Acts

1870 - 1871

A series of 4 acts that congressed passed to help enforce the 14th and 15th amendments in the south.

Standard Oil is formed

1870

by Mr. John D. Rockefeller

Grant defeats Greely for Presidency

1872

Credit Mobilier Scandal Exposed

1872

Bribed members of congress with reduced Union Pacific stocks

Panic of 1873

1873

Started with the closing of one of the biggest private banks of the US due to bankruptcy, and started a chain reaction of bank failures

WCTU is established

1874

Whiskey Ring Scandal

1875

Alcohol companies worked with government officials to give tax revenues to corrupt government officials

Civil Rights Act of 1875

1875

Guaranteed African Americans equal rights in public- would later be declared unconstitutional

Battle of Little Bighorn

1876

Battle between 3 groups of Indian tribes and the US cavalry, and it was a surprising victory for the Indians.

Reconstruction Ends

1877

Compromise of 1877

1877

Was a deal between the democrats and republicans that Hayes would win under certain conditions, for example a transcontinental railroad for the south and troops removed from the south

Salvation Army begins in America

1879

Garfield defeats Hancock for Presidency

1880

Garfield is assassinated

1881

Arthur resumes the presidency

American Red Cross is founded

1881

Booker T. Washington

1881

Booker T. Washington is named head of the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama

Helen Hunt Jackson

1881

Helen Hunt Jackson publishes "A Century of Dishonor"

Chinese Exclusion Act

1882

Excluded Chinese immigrants from entering the country, and laws on the Chinese that were residing in the US became more strict

Clevland defeats Blaine for Presidency

1884

Haymarket Square Bombing

1886

Many citizens were injured, and several were killed, when police open fired on a labor rally in Chicago

Wabash Case

1886

The US ruled that the states had no control of interstate commerce

American Federation of Labor is formed

1886

Interstate Commerce Act

1887

Attempted to control RR monopolies by setting rules in place such as making the companies publish their rates, and it also formed the ICC

Harrison defeats Cleveland for Presidency

1888

Edward Bellamy publishes "Looking Backward"

1888

A eutopian book set in the future

Jane Addams creates Hull House in Chicago

1889

Sherman Anti-Trust Act

1890

Sherman Anti-Trust Act was created to protect the consumers against anything that prevented the flow of business

NAWSA is created

1890

National American Women's Suffrage Association

Emergance of the Populist Party

1890

McKinley Tariff

1890

Highest tariff in American history

Homestead Steel Strike

1892

The workers of could not afford the cost of living- which the company set because they owned the town- on their latest pay-cut, so they went on strike

Depression of 1893 begins

1893

Cleveland refuses to annex Hawaii

1893

Wilson-Gorman Tariff

1894

The first tariff that included income tax- later declared unconstitutional

Pullman Strike

1894

Workers of the Railroad companies were unsuccessful in bringing change, however they did draw much attention to the issue

Coxey's Army

1894

Group of unemployed Americans marched to DC to demand changes in legislature regarding unemployed Americans

Morgan Lends Money to US

1895

In 1895 J.P. Morgan lended 65 million dollars to the US government

Venezuelan border dispute with Britian

1895 - 1896

The British found gold which crossed into Venezuela, so they demanded that the border be changed, but the Venezuelans refused

Cubans revolt against Spain

1895

Plessy V. Ferguson

1896

Case that legitimized the term "separate but equal"

McKinley defeats Bryan for Presidency

1896

Dingley Tariff Act

1897

Was made to counteract the Wilson-Gorman Act which lowered rates

Maine explosion in Havana Harbor

1898

although no one knew for sure, Americans blamed the Spanish and yellow journalists emphasized it

Hawaii annexed

1898

Spanish-American War

1898

Senate ratifites the treaty acquiring Philippines

1899