Horace Mann started a movement to bring about state-sponsored public education. His movement included a statewide curriculum and the use of local property tax to fund public education. The Common Schools Movement allowed students to go to public school and learn for free.
The Measurement Movement was sparked by Alfred Binet and Theodore Simon. This movement involves measuring the intelligence of each human's brain. The Measurement Movement created what we know as the IQ test. An IQ score can determine if students need to be placed into a special program for extra help or if students are advanced for their age group.
The Brown V.S. Board of Education decision is handed down
May 17, 1954
The Brown V. Board of Education is an important part of education's history, because this movement made it so that children of all races could go to school together. Before the Brown V. Board of Education movement occurred, children of different races were forced to follow the "separate but equal" doctrine. This movement brought attention to the fact that it was extremely unfair and unequal to teach white and African American students in different schools.
The National Defense Education Act or the NDEA was created in order to enhance and strengthen the American school system through funds. It also highly encouraged students to pursue education after high school. This act was put into effect due to the United States' concern to be able to compete with the Soviet Union, specifically in science and technology areas.
Head Start was created to help preschool children that come from low-income families by providing them with a program that can meet their emotional, social, health, and psychological needs. Head Start started off as an eight week project to a program that includes full day and year services. This program was also started by the Elementary and Secondary Education Act or the ESEA. All of this was possible, because of President Johnson's war against poverty.
Title IX is a law that prohibits discrimination against students or employees based on their sex in a educational institution. Before this law was passed, female students and faculty were both limited in what they could do.
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act is a law that allows a free appropriate public education to children with disabilities. This law provides special education and services to the children in the program.
The Standards Movement began with the Nation at Risk Report. This movement placed an emphasis on setting academic standards. It told teachers what students should know in their grade. Standards also determine what curriculum teachers and schools use to meet the correct standards.
The invention of Google has had a major impact on the world of education. It has changed how students learn and how teachers teach. Students no longer have to go to the library to search for information, because the answers are now available with a few clicks. Google and other technology are incorporated in the classroom each and every day.
This act was passed through congress in 2001 and was signed to become a law in 2002 by President George W. Bush. The No Child Left Behind Act has the goal of improving student success through yearly standardized assessment of students. These tests would quantify education progress and hold each school accountable for student performance. This law made it so that schools were aware and responsible for their student's academic performance.