By the end of the Reconstruction era, the 15th amendment was being abandoned. The 15th amendment stated that all citizens, regardless of race and skin color cannot be denied the right to vote. During this period, the whites were trying to regain their political, social and economic power from the black that began to advance during the Reconstruction Era. There were four methods of redeeming white supremacy, two of them focused mainly on the voting rights of African Americans. There was Poll taxes, Segregation Laws, 'Reign of Terror', and Legal disenfranchisement.
The majority of African Americans were poor because of the short transition from slavery to a new life. They lived in the ghettos in filthy homes and not-so decent jobs. Poll taxes when it came to voting affected them greatly because the prices were high and they had to be payed in cash. Many African Americans could not afford to pay the poll taxes. Another method was Legal disenfranchisement, these were methods that intended to render ineffective the 15th amendment. Literacy tests fell under this method, because the majority of African Americans could read or write and were not educated, registering to vote was made virtually impossible for them trough the tests that were put.