The Boston Latin school was the first public school in what would become the United States. It was a boys only secondary school ran by schoolmaster Philemon Pormont. John Hancock and Samuel Adams were graduates of this school in Boston, Massachusetts.
Horace Mann was a large advocator for public education and urged the effort to create a system of publicly supported elementary and secondary schools. He led the common school movement during his reign of Secretary of Education for Massachusetts.
Signed into law by president Abraham Lincoln, this was an act that granted land to small farmers at a small cost. The act granted 160 acres of land for 21 year olds and were required to live there for five years. This later changed the public education system
Please v. Ferguson was a landmark case for the United States Supreme Court that upheld the Constitutionality of racial segregation of public facilities. Where the statement “separate but equal” originated.