Us Constitution Is Adopted Debates Over Adopting The US Constitution and Who Should Be Allowed To Vote ( In Slave States )
Seneca Falls Convention
The Seneca Falls Convention was an early and influential women's rights convention, the first to be organized by women in the Western world, in Seneca Falls, New York. It was planned by local New York women . The meeting spanned two days, 19 and 20 July 1848, and had six sessions, included a lecture on law, a humorous presentation, and multiple discussions about the role of women in society. http://www.xtimeline.com/__UserPic_Large/82173/evt101102191000110.jpg
American Equal Rights Association
also known as the Equal Rights Association, was an organization formed by women's rights and black rights activists in 1866 in the United States. Its goal was to join the cause of gender equality with that of racial equality. Tensions between proponents of the dissimilar goals caused the AERA to split apart in 1869. Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony form the American Equal Rights Association, an organization dedicated to the goal of suffrage for all regardless of gender or race.
The 15th Amendment was the third of of the Reconstruction Amendments. This amendment prohibits the states and the federal government from using a citizen's race or color or previous status as a slave as a voting qualification. Granting free men of color the right to vote could be seen as giving them the rights of citizens, an argument explicitly made by Justice Curtis's dissent in the Dred Scott v. Sandford case.
Jim Crow Laws
Segregation / Voting Rights Restrictions Poll Taxes / Literacy Test
Gave Women The Right To Vote After 72 Years
On Election Day in 1920, millions of American women exercised their right to vote for the first time. It took activists and reformers nearly 100 years to win that right, and the campaign was not easy: Disagreements over strategy threatened to cripple the movement more than once. But on August 26, 1920, the 19th Amendment to the Constitution was finally ratified, giving voting rights to all American women and declaring for the first time that they also deserve all the rights and responsibilities of citizenship.
August 27, 1962
The 24th Amendment prohibits both Congress and states from conditioning the right to vote in federal elections on a payment of a poll tax or any other taxes. This amendment was ratified on January 23, 1964 by the states. Poll Taxes were created to prevent African-Americans from voting and was being held to be constitutional by the Supreme Court in the decision Breedlove vs Suttles. Even though this amendment was created, 5 states still retained a poll tax. The poll tax was part of a series of laws intended to marginalize black Americans from politics so far as practicable without violating the Fifteenth Amendment, which required that voting not be limited by "race, color, or previous condition of servitude." The poll tax had the additional impact of weakening poor white voters who might sympathize with the Populist Party http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~arvanbur/OldDocs/james_r_maxey_docs.jpg
Protesting the death of Jimmie Lee Jackson and ongoing exclusion from the electoral process, were attacked by state and local police with billy clubs and tear gas.
Voting Rights Act
The Voting Rights Act of 1965 was a landmark piece of national legislation in the United States that outlawed discriminatory voting practices that had been responsible for the widespread withdrawing of African Americans in the U.S. Congress intended the Act to outlaw the practice of requiring otherwise qualified voters to pass literacy tests in order to register to vote, a principal that means Southern states had stopped African Americans from engaging the franchise. This act was signed by Lyndon B. Johnson . President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Voting Rights Act into law, permanently barring barriers to political participation by racial and ethnic minorities, prohibiting any election practice that denies the right to vote on account of race http://billofrightsinstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/photo982.jpg
First African Americans To Be Elected For Congress
Barbara Jordan of Houston and Andrew Young of Atlanta become the first African Americans elected to Congress from the South since Reconstruction. Barbara Jordan received the Presidential Medal of Freedom, among numerous other honors. On her death she became the first African-American woman to be buried in the Texas State Cemetery. http://www.civilrightsmuseum.org/wp-content/uploads/Jordan_Barbara.jpg