The First Industrial Revolution used water and steam power to mechanize production.
James Watt's Steam Engine
1763 CE - 1775 CE
1776 CE - 1783
Early Steam Engine Boats
1783 CE - 1803 CE
Early Locomotive Steam Engines and Railways
1784 - 1830
Steam Powered Loom
1789 - 1799
1791 - 1804
Edward Jenner and Smallpox Vaccination
Early Electric Motors
1821 CE - 1840 CE
Age of the Telegraph
1844 - 1902
Samuel Morse develops the system of Morse Code that can be electrically sent by cable to send messages between cities. By 1866 a trans-atlantic cable is laid connecting Europe with America, and by 1902 a trans-Pacific cable is laid across the Pacific Ocean. The invention of the telephone replaced the effectiveness of the telegraph.
Discovery of Anasthesia
Joseph Lister develops the first antiseptic methods of mecical surgery
First Transcontinental Railroad across United States
2nd Industrial Revolution - Technological
1870 CE - 1914 CE
The Second Industrial Revolution used electric power to create mass production.
1876 - 1884
Dr. Robert Koch discovers germ theory as the source of infections in medicine.
Invention of Telephone
March 10, 1876
Alexander Graham Bell demonstrates the first successful use of the telphone
First Electric Car
German Flocken Elektrowagen
Marconi develops the Radio
1894 - 1898
Guglielmo Marconi develops radio into a commercially viable system of wireless communication
Atomic Theory and Nuclear Physics
1896 - Present
Henri Becquerel, Niels Bohr, Albert Einstein and successive scientists develop the theory and practice of atomic theory that leads to nuclear power and the invention of atomic bombs and nuclear weapons.
Electrification of cities and rural areas
1900 - Present
Wright Brothers First Flight
December 17, 1903 CE
Mass Production of Automobiles
1908 - Present
Henry Ford improves the mass production of automobile assembly lines with the introduction of the Model T Ford
1910 CE - 1920 CE
March 8, 1917 CE - November 7, 1917 CE
1920 CE - 1923 CE
Frederick Banting and Charles Best develop insulin as a treatment for diabetes. By 1923 it begins to be mass-produced by Eli Lilly pharmaceutical company.
First Non-stop Flight across Atlantic
May 21, 1927 CE
Charles Lindbergh becomes the first to fly an airplane non-stop across the Atlantic Ocean between America and Europe
1929 - 1945
Alexander Fleming discovers Penicillin. It first becomes a mass produced antibiotic drug during World War II
In Britain, Robert Watson-Watt develops the first viable radar system. This invention will give an advantage to the Allied forces during World War II as they were able to locate ships at sea or airplanes.
Age of the Airline
1939 - Present
First regular successful transoceanic airlines begin and grow worldwide after World War 2 ends in 1945
RCA introduces the first regular system of television broadcasting and imaging. They debut their system of broadcasting at the New York World's Fair later that year
The Soviet Union launched the first satellite into Space in 1957. They followed with the first manned orbit of the earth by Soviet astronaut Yuri Gagarin. By 1969 the Americans sent a manned mission to the Moon that successfully landed on the moon and returned to earth.
Motorola introduces the first mass-produced mobile phone in 1973.
First Personal Computers are released by Apple Computer and by Commodore Compter companies
The Third used electronics and information technology to automate production. Now a Fourth Industrial Revolution is building on the Third, the digital revolution that has been occurring since the middle of the last century. It is characterized by a fusion of technologies that is blurring the lines between the physical, digital, and biological spheres.