History of Voting Rights

Main

Key Date between 1776-1789

July 4, 1776

The Americans declared independence on July 4, 1776, raised armies under the command of General George Washington, forged a military alliance with France, and captured the two main British invasion armies.

Constitutional Amendments

1791

Sixth Amendment [Criminal Prosecutions - Jury Trial, Right to Confront and to Counsel; This is important because if people feel as though they are being mistreated by the law they can take them to court

Constitutional Amendment

1791

First Amendment free Religion, Speech, Press, Assembly, Petition; This is important because with the first amendment you can protest what you believe in and let it not be a crime

Woman's Suffrage

July 19 1848 - July 20 1848

The first women's rights convention in the United States is held in Seneca Falls, New York. Many participants signed a "Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions" that's regarding the main issues and goals for emerging women's movement.

Women Sufferage

1876 - 1879

Lawyer Belva Ann Lockwood is denied permission to practice before the Supreme Court. She spends three years pushing through legislation that enables women to practice before the Court and becomes the first woman to do so in 1879.

African American Voting Rights

August 6, 1965

The resolution, signed into law on August 6, 1965, empowered the federal government to oversee voter registration and elections in counties that had used tests to determine voter eligibility or where registration or turnout had been less than 50 percent in the 1964 presidential election. It also banned discriminatory literacy tests and expanded voting rights for non-English speaking Americans.

African American Voting Rights

1980

Black citizens of Mobile, Alabama, brought a class action challenging constitutionality of the city's at-large method of electing its commissioners. The Supreme Court held that the at-large electoral system in Mobile did not violate the rights of the city's Negro voters in contravention of the Fifteenth Amendment.

Law passed in the past 50 years

2004

Intellectual Property Protection and Courts Amendments Act set up penalties (civil and criminal) for counterfeit labels, documentation and packaging in association with copyrighted goods. Also lowered the bar to show willful infringement.