History of Voting Rights

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Independence Day

July 4 1776

The Americans declared independence on July 4, 1776, raised armies under the command of General George Washington, forged a military alliance with France, and captured the two main British invasion armies.

Women's Sufferage

1848

A group of abolitionist activists--mostly women, but some men--gathered in Seneca Falls, New York to discuss the problem of women's rights. (They were invited there by the reformers Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott.) Most of the delegates agreed: American women were autonomous individuals who deserved their own political identities.

15th Amendment: Race No Bar to Vote

2/26/1869

" The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude."
This amendment gave all people no matter what their skin tone complexion was the right to vote and it still lives within society today. I believe that nobody should be denied the right to vote for it gives the people the right to vote for someone who will fight for them in political power.

Petition, Anti-Suffrage Party of New York

1917 - 1918

By 1916 almost all of the major suffrage organizations were united behind the goal of a constitutional amendment. When New York adopted woman suffrage in 1917 and President Woodrow Wilson changed his position to support an amendment in 1918, the political balance began to shift in favor of the vote for women. There was still strong opposition to enfranchising women, however, as illustrated by this petition from the Women Voters Anti-Suffrage Party of New York at the beginning of U.S. involvement in World War I.
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19th Amendment: Women's Suffrage

8/18/1920

"The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any on account of sex."http://t2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSJkKLUl3WFNQablAfl2qTX-NVTddQNQYrrcpvh3uQeBZXrP-NKqw

Civil Rights Act

1964

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.

Section 5

1964 - 1965

Although the voting protections of the Fifteenth Amendment and Section 2 of the Voting Rights Act are permanent,
Section 5 remains in effect through 2031.
The Voting Rights Act requires that Section 5 enforcement actions and declaratory judgment actions under both Sections 4 and 5 be heard and decided by three-judge courts. These courts are typically composed of two United States District Court judges and one United States Court of Appeals judge. Appeals from these courts go directly to the United States Supreme Court.

26th Amendment: Voting Age

7/1/1971

"The right of citizens of the United States, who are eighteen years of age or older, to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of age."

Key Date on Civil Rights

1978

Unita Blackwell, founding member of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party, becomes the first black woman mayor in the history of Mississippi in the city of Mayersville. She had once been denied the right to vote there.