History of Voting Rights

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Declaration of Independence

1776

Is when America declared their independence from Great Britain and we're no longer apart of the British Empire. The Declaration was ultimately a formal explanation of why Congress had voted on July 2 to declare independence from Great Britain, more than a year after the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War.

The Ratification Of the Constitution

1787

On September 17, 1787, a majority of the delegates to the Constitutional Convention approved the documents over which they had labored since May. The document was "laid before the United States in Congress assembled" on September 20. For 2 days, September 26 and 27, Congress debated whether to censure the delegates to the Constitutional Convention for exceeding their authority by creating a new form of government instead of simply revising the Articles of Confederation. They decided to drop the matter. Instead, on September 28, Congress directed the state legislatures to call ratification conventions in each state. Article VII stipulated that nine states had to ratify the Constitution for it to go into effect. It took 10 months for the first nine states to approve the Constitution. The first state to ratify was Delaware, on December 7, 1787, by a unanimous vote, 30 - 0. Faced with threatened treatment as a foreign government, it ratified the Constitution by the narrowest margin (two votes) on May 29, 1790.

15th Amendment

1869

The 15th Amendment prohibits each gov. in the U.S from denying a citizen the right to vote based on that citizen's race. The 15th Amendment was passed shortly after the Civil War and slavery had ended. Also women we're not including in the 15th Amendment.

Jim Crow Laws

1890

The Jim Crow laws were state and local laws in the United States enacted between 1876 and 1965. It became a "separate but equal" status for African Americans.Segregation mainly applied to the Southern United States. Examples of the Jim Crow laws are segregation of schools, public places and public transportation.http://t0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRXmrywC8HXk9jnymkeZUSdIWzQSrxZRoLvP0Sr0vNDrQZN9qbm

Women Suffrage

1904

The right for women to vote and run for office. International organizations were formed to coordinate efforts. Later on in other states a lot of women were given the right to vote, but they also permitted women for running for office. http://t0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQmD4JOfV_sYiwqkqKhqXko_39MzIVySEQxmrLj3UW-DizmtIj7OQ

19th Amendment

1920

The amendment guarantees all American women the right to vote. Several generations of woman suffrage supporters marched and practiced civil disobedience to achieve what many Americans considered a radical change of the Constitution. Finally in 1920 women we're guaranteed the right to vote.http://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcR8ZvWiYsSl3KsTymNyZsS3iyLhZtqLMBcPCQMSVAgWyvUEFO66

The Voting Rights Act

1965

The purpose was to guarantee that no person be denied the right to vote on account of race/color. Only 1/3 of the African Americans population was able to vote.
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Selma to Montgomery March

1965

The Selma to Montgomery march, also known as Bloody Sunday. People attempted to march to Montgomery where the capitol was located. The marchers averaged 10 miles (16 km) a day along U.S. Route 80, known in Alabama as the "Jefferson Davis Highway". Protected by 2,000 soldiers of the U.S. Army, 1,900 members of the Alabama National Guard under Federal command, and many FBI agents and Federal Marshals, they arrived in Montgomery on March 24, and at the Alabama State Capitol on March 25 and had big victory.