In the spring of 1774, Parliament passed yet another set of laws, this time to reprimand the colonist for the disturbances in Boston and other locations. These original laws, denounced in America as the Intolerable Acts, prompted widespread calls for a congregation of the colonies. Delegates from every colony except Georgia met in Philadelphia on September 5, 1774. Most respected men were in attendance on this date such as Samual Adams, John Dickinson, and Roger Sherman of Connecticut. The term “ natural-born subjects “ correlates to the philosophy of an English philosopher named Thomas Hobbes ( 1588-1679). He stated that, according to the laws of nature, humans live free;ly and without jurisdiction, remaining powerless people voluntarily create governments to promote their well being and safety. The delegates also urged the colonies to refuse all transactions with ENgland until the hated taxes and trade regulations were repealed. Eventually, the delegates requested for the creation of local committees to enforce that boycott. This meeting was adjourned on October 26, 1774, with a call for a second congress to be convened the following May. During the fall and winter of 1774-177, the Britsh government continued to refuse to oc,promise, let alone reverse, its colonial policies. The second Continteal congress served as the first government of the United States for five fateful years, from the formal adoption of the Declaration of Independence in July 1776 until the Articles of Confederation went into effect on March 1, 1781. During that time, the Second Contintenal Congress fought a war, raised armies and a navy, borrowed funds, purchased supplies, created a money system, made treaties with foringn powers.